f016c968caa8130e73acf6308b1c51f13fc90fd1
[people/mcb30/busybox.git] / archival / bz / huffman.c
1 /*
2  * bzip2 is written by Julian Seward <jseward@bzip.org>.
3  * Adapted for busybox by Denys Vlasenko <vda.linux@googlemail.com>.
4  * See README and LICENSE files in this directory for more information.
5  */
6
7 /*-------------------------------------------------------------*/
8 /*--- Huffman coding low-level stuff                        ---*/
9 /*---                                             huffman.c ---*/
10 /*-------------------------------------------------------------*/
11
12 /* ------------------------------------------------------------------
13 This file is part of bzip2/libbzip2, a program and library for
14 lossless, block-sorting data compression.
15
16 bzip2/libbzip2 version 1.0.4 of 20 December 2006
17 Copyright (C) 1996-2006 Julian Seward <jseward@bzip.org>
18
19 Please read the WARNING, DISCLAIMER and PATENTS sections in the
20 README file.
21
22 This program is released under the terms of the license contained
23 in the file LICENSE.
24 ------------------------------------------------------------------ */
25
26 /* #include "bzlib_private.h" */
27
28 /*---------------------------------------------------*/
29 #define WEIGHTOF(zz0)  ((zz0) & 0xffffff00)
30 #define DEPTHOF(zz1)   ((zz1) & 0x000000ff)
31 #define MYMAX(zz2,zz3) ((zz2) > (zz3) ? (zz2) : (zz3))
32
33 #define ADDWEIGHTS(zw1,zw2) \
34         (WEIGHTOF(zw1)+WEIGHTOF(zw2)) | \
35         (1 + MYMAX(DEPTHOF(zw1),DEPTHOF(zw2)))
36
37 #define UPHEAP(z) \
38 { \
39         int32_t zz, tmp; \
40         zz = z; \
41         tmp = heap[zz]; \
42         while (weight[tmp] < weight[heap[zz >> 1]]) { \
43                 heap[zz] = heap[zz >> 1]; \
44                 zz >>= 1; \
45         } \
46         heap[zz] = tmp; \
47 }
48
49
50 /* 90 bytes, 0.3% of overall compress speed */
51 #if CONFIG_BZIP2_FEATURE_SPEED >= 1
52
53 /* macro works better than inline (gcc 4.2.1) */
54 #define DOWNHEAP1(heap, weight, Heap) \
55 { \
56         int32_t zz, yy, tmp; \
57         zz = 1; \
58         tmp = heap[zz]; \
59         while (1) { \
60                 yy = zz << 1; \
61                 if (yy > nHeap) \
62                         break; \
63                 if (yy < nHeap \
64                  && weight[heap[yy+1]] < weight[heap[yy]]) \
65                         yy++; \
66                 if (weight[tmp] < weight[heap[yy]]) \
67                         break; \
68                 heap[zz] = heap[yy]; \
69                 zz = yy; \
70         } \
71         heap[zz] = tmp; \
72 }
73
74 #else
75
76 static
77 void DOWNHEAP1(int32_t *heap, int32_t *weight, int32_t nHeap)
78 {
79         int32_t zz, yy, tmp;
80         zz = 1;
81         tmp = heap[zz];
82         while (1) {
83                 yy = zz << 1;
84                 if (yy > nHeap)
85                         break;
86                 if (yy < nHeap
87                  && weight[heap[yy + 1]] < weight[heap[yy]])
88                         yy++;
89                 if (weight[tmp] < weight[heap[yy]])
90                         break;
91                 heap[zz] = heap[yy];
92                 zz = yy;
93         }
94         heap[zz] = tmp;
95 }
96
97 #endif
98
99 /*---------------------------------------------------*/
100 static
101 void BZ2_hbMakeCodeLengths(uint8_t *len,
102                 int32_t *freq,
103                 int32_t alphaSize,
104                 int32_t maxLen)
105 {
106         /*
107          * Nodes and heap entries run from 1.  Entry 0
108          * for both the heap and nodes is a sentinel.
109          */
110         int32_t nNodes, nHeap, n1, n2, i, j, k;
111         Bool  tooLong;
112
113         int32_t heap  [BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE + 2];
114         int32_t weight[BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE * 2];
115         int32_t parent[BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE * 2];
116
117         for (i = 0; i < alphaSize; i++)
118                 weight[i+1] = (freq[i] == 0 ? 1 : freq[i]) << 8;
119
120         while (1) {
121                 nNodes = alphaSize;
122                 nHeap = 0;
123
124                 heap[0] = 0;
125                 weight[0] = 0;
126                 parent[0] = -2;
127
128                 for (i = 1; i <= alphaSize; i++) {
129                         parent[i] = -1;
130                         nHeap++;
131                         heap[nHeap] = i;
132                         UPHEAP(nHeap);
133                 }
134
135                 AssertH(nHeap < (BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE+2), 2001);
136         
137                 while (nHeap > 1) {
138                         n1 = heap[1]; heap[1] = heap[nHeap]; nHeap--; DOWNHEAP1(heap, weight, nHeap);
139                         n2 = heap[1]; heap[1] = heap[nHeap]; nHeap--; DOWNHEAP1(heap, weight, nHeap);
140                         nNodes++;
141                         parent[n1] = parent[n2] = nNodes;
142                         weight[nNodes] = ADDWEIGHTS(weight[n1], weight[n2]);
143                         parent[nNodes] = -1;
144                         nHeap++;
145                         heap[nHeap] = nNodes;
146                         UPHEAP(nHeap);
147                 }
148
149                 AssertH(nNodes < (BZ_MAX_ALPHA_SIZE * 2), 2002);
150
151                 tooLong = False;
152                 for (i = 1; i <= alphaSize; i++) {
153                         j = 0;
154                         k = i;
155                         while (parent[k] >= 0) {
156                                 k = parent[k];
157                                 j++;
158                         }
159                         len[i-1] = j;
160                         if (j > maxLen)
161                                 tooLong = True;
162                 }
163                 
164                 if (!tooLong)
165                         break;
166
167                 /* 17 Oct 04: keep-going condition for the following loop used
168                 to be 'i < alphaSize', which missed the last element,
169                 theoretically leading to the possibility of the compressor
170                 looping.  However, this count-scaling step is only needed if
171                 one of the generated Huffman code words is longer than
172                 maxLen, which up to and including version 1.0.2 was 20 bits,
173                 which is extremely unlikely.  In version 1.0.3 maxLen was
174                 changed to 17 bits, which has minimal effect on compression
175                 ratio, but does mean this scaling step is used from time to
176                 time, enough to verify that it works.
177
178                 This means that bzip2-1.0.3 and later will only produce
179                 Huffman codes with a maximum length of 17 bits.  However, in
180                 order to preserve backwards compatibility with bitstreams
181                 produced by versions pre-1.0.3, the decompressor must still
182                 handle lengths of up to 20. */
183
184                 for (i = 1; i <= alphaSize; i++) {
185                         j = weight[i] >> 8;
186                         j = 1 + (j / 2);
187                         weight[i] = j << 8;
188                 }
189         }
190 }
191
192
193 /*---------------------------------------------------*/
194 static
195 void BZ2_hbAssignCodes(int32_t *code,
196                 uint8_t *length,
197                 int32_t minLen,
198                 int32_t maxLen,
199                 int32_t alphaSize)
200 {
201         int32_t n, vec, i;
202
203         vec = 0;
204         for (n = minLen; n <= maxLen; n++) {
205                 for (i = 0; i < alphaSize; i++) {
206                         if (length[i] == n) {
207                                 code[i] = vec;
208                                 vec++;
209                         };
210                 }
211                 vec <<= 1;
212         }
213 }
214
215
216 /*-------------------------------------------------------------*/
217 /*--- end                                         huffman.c ---*/
218 /*-------------------------------------------------------------*/