commiting:
[people/mcb30/busybox.git] / shell / hush.c
1 /* vi: set sw=4 ts=4: */
2 /*
3  * sh.c -- a prototype Bourne shell grammar parser
4  *      Intended to follow the original Thompson and Ritchie
5  *      "small and simple is beautiful" philosophy, which
6  *      incidentally is a good match to today's BusyBox.
7  *
8  * Copyright (C) 2000,2001  Larry Doolittle  <larry@doolittle.boa.org>
9  *
10  * Credits:
11  *      The parser routines proper are all original material, first
12  *      written Dec 2000 and Jan 2001 by Larry Doolittle.  The
13  *      execution engine, the builtins, and much of the underlying
14  *      support has been adapted from busybox-0.49pre's lash, which is
15  *      Copyright (C) 1999-2004 by Erik Andersen <andersen@codepoet.org>
16  *      written by Erik Andersen <andersen@codepoet.org>.  That, in turn,
17  *      is based in part on ladsh.c, by Michael K. Johnson and Erik W.
18  *      Troan, which they placed in the public domain.  I don't know
19  *      how much of the Johnson/Troan code has survived the repeated
20  *      rewrites.
21  *
22  * Other credits:
23  *      simple_itoa() was lifted from boa-0.93.15
24  *      b_addchr() derived from similar w_addchar function in glibc-2.2
25  *      setup_redirect(), redirect_opt_num(), and big chunks of main()
26  *        and many builtins derived from contributions by Erik Andersen
27  *      miscellaneous bugfixes from Matt Kraai
28  *
29  * There are two big (and related) architecture differences between
30  * this parser and the lash parser.  One is that this version is
31  * actually designed from the ground up to understand nearly all
32  * of the Bourne grammar.  The second, consequential change is that
33  * the parser and input reader have been turned inside out.  Now,
34  * the parser is in control, and asks for input as needed.  The old
35  * way had the input reader in control, and it asked for parsing to
36  * take place as needed.  The new way makes it much easier to properly
37  * handle the recursion implicit in the various substitutions, especially
38  * across continuation lines.
39  *
40  * Bash grammar not implemented: (how many of these were in original sh?)
41  *      $@ (those sure look like weird quoting rules)
42  *      $_
43  *      ! negation operator for pipes
44  *      &> and >& redirection of stdout+stderr
45  *      Brace Expansion
46  *      Tilde Expansion
47  *      fancy forms of Parameter Expansion
48  *      aliases
49  *      Arithmetic Expansion
50  *      <(list) and >(list) Process Substitution
51  *      reserved words: case, esac, select, function
52  *      Here Documents ( << word )
53  *      Functions
54  * Major bugs:
55  *      job handling woefully incomplete and buggy
56  *      reserved word execution woefully incomplete and buggy
57  * to-do:
58  *      port selected bugfixes from post-0.49 busybox lash - done?
59  *      finish implementing reserved words: for, while, until, do, done
60  *      change { and } from special chars to reserved words
61  *      builtins: break, continue, eval, return, set, trap, ulimit
62  *      test magic exec
63  *      handle children going into background
64  *      clean up recognition of null pipes
65  *      check setting of global_argc and global_argv
66  *      control-C handling, probably with longjmp
67  *      follow IFS rules more precisely, including update semantics
68  *      figure out what to do with backslash-newline
69  *      explain why we use signal instead of sigaction
70  *      propagate syntax errors, die on resource errors?
71  *      continuation lines, both explicit and implicit - done?
72  *      memory leak finding and plugging - done?
73  *      more testing, especially quoting rules and redirection
74  *      document how quoting rules not precisely followed for variable assignments
75  *      maybe change map[] to use 2-bit entries
76  *      (eventually) remove all the printf's
77  *
78  * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
79  * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
80  * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
81  * (at your option) any later version.
82  *
83  * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
84  * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
85  * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
86  * General Public License for more details.
87  *
88  * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
89  * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
90  * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
91  */
92 #include <ctype.h>     /* isalpha, isdigit */
93 #include <unistd.h>    /* getpid */
94 #include <stdlib.h>    /* getenv, atoi */
95 #include <string.h>    /* strchr */
96 #include <stdio.h>     /* popen etc. */
97 #include <glob.h>      /* glob, of course */
98 #include <stdarg.h>    /* va_list */
99 #include <errno.h>
100 #include <fcntl.h>
101 #include <getopt.h>    /* should be pretty obvious */
102
103 #include <sys/stat.h>  /* ulimit */
104 #include <sys/types.h>
105 #include <sys/wait.h>
106 #include <signal.h>
107
108 /* #include <dmalloc.h> */
109 /* #define DEBUG_SHELL */
110
111 #if 1
112 #include "busybox.h"
113 #include "cmdedit.h"
114 #else
115 #define bb_applet_name "hush"
116 #include "standalone.h"
117 #define hush_main main
118 #undef CONFIG_FEATURE_SH_FANCY_PROMPT
119 #define BB_BANNER
120 #endif
121 #define SPECIAL_VAR_SYMBOL 03
122 #define FLAG_EXIT_FROM_LOOP 1
123 #define FLAG_PARSE_SEMICOLON (1 << 1)           /* symbol ';' is special for parser */
124 #define FLAG_REPARSING           (1 << 2)               /* >=2nd pass */
125
126 typedef enum {
127         REDIRECT_INPUT     = 1,
128         REDIRECT_OVERWRITE = 2,
129         REDIRECT_APPEND    = 3,
130         REDIRECT_HEREIS    = 4,
131         REDIRECT_IO        = 5
132 } redir_type;
133
134 /* The descrip member of this structure is only used to make debugging
135  * output pretty */
136 struct {int mode; int default_fd; char *descrip;} redir_table[] = {
137         { 0,                         0, "()" },
138         { O_RDONLY,                  0, "<"  },
139         { O_CREAT|O_TRUNC|O_WRONLY,  1, ">"  },
140         { O_CREAT|O_APPEND|O_WRONLY, 1, ">>" },
141         { O_RDONLY,                 -1, "<<" },
142         { O_RDWR,                    1, "<>" }
143 };
144
145 typedef enum {
146         PIPE_SEQ = 1,
147         PIPE_AND = 2,
148         PIPE_OR  = 3,
149         PIPE_BG  = 4,
150 } pipe_style;
151
152 /* might eventually control execution */
153 typedef enum {
154         RES_NONE  = 0,
155         RES_IF    = 1,
156         RES_THEN  = 2,
157         RES_ELIF  = 3,
158         RES_ELSE  = 4,
159         RES_FI    = 5,
160         RES_FOR   = 6,
161         RES_WHILE = 7,
162         RES_UNTIL = 8,
163         RES_DO    = 9,
164         RES_DONE  = 10,
165         RES_XXXX  = 11,
166         RES_IN    = 12,
167         RES_SNTX  = 13
168 } reserved_style;
169 #define FLAG_END   (1<<RES_NONE)
170 #define FLAG_IF    (1<<RES_IF)
171 #define FLAG_THEN  (1<<RES_THEN)
172 #define FLAG_ELIF  (1<<RES_ELIF)
173 #define FLAG_ELSE  (1<<RES_ELSE)
174 #define FLAG_FI    (1<<RES_FI)
175 #define FLAG_FOR   (1<<RES_FOR)
176 #define FLAG_WHILE (1<<RES_WHILE)
177 #define FLAG_UNTIL (1<<RES_UNTIL)
178 #define FLAG_DO    (1<<RES_DO)
179 #define FLAG_DONE  (1<<RES_DONE)
180 #define FLAG_IN    (1<<RES_IN)
181 #define FLAG_START (1<<RES_XXXX)
182
183 /* This holds pointers to the various results of parsing */
184 struct p_context {
185         struct child_prog *child;
186         struct pipe *list_head;
187         struct pipe *pipe;
188         struct redir_struct *pending_redirect;
189         reserved_style w;
190         int old_flag;                           /* for figuring out valid reserved words */
191         struct p_context *stack;
192         int type;                       /* define type of parser : ";$" common or special symbol */
193         /* How about quoting status? */
194 };
195
196 struct redir_struct {
197         redir_type type;                        /* type of redirection */
198         int fd;                                         /* file descriptor being redirected */
199         int dup;                                        /* -1, or file descriptor being duplicated */
200         struct redir_struct *next;      /* pointer to the next redirect in the list */
201         glob_t word;                            /* *word.gl_pathv is the filename */
202 };
203
204 struct child_prog {
205         pid_t pid;                                      /* 0 if exited */
206         char **argv;                            /* program name and arguments */
207         struct pipe *group;                     /* if non-NULL, first in group or subshell */
208         int subshell;                           /* flag, non-zero if group must be forked */
209         struct redir_struct *redirects; /* I/O redirections */
210         glob_t glob_result;                     /* result of parameter globbing */
211         int is_stopped;                         /* is the program currently running? */
212         struct pipe *family;            /* pointer back to the child's parent pipe */
213         int sp;                         /* number of SPECIAL_VAR_SYMBOL */
214         int type;
215 };
216
217 struct pipe {
218         int jobid;                                      /* job number */
219         int num_progs;                          /* total number of programs in job */
220         int running_progs;                      /* number of programs running */
221         char *text;                                     /* name of job */
222         char *cmdbuf;                           /* buffer various argv's point into */
223         pid_t pgrp;                                     /* process group ID for the job */
224         struct child_prog *progs;       /* array of commands in pipe */
225         struct pipe *next;                      /* to track background commands */
226         int stopped_progs;                      /* number of programs alive, but stopped */
227         int job_context;                        /* bitmask defining current context */
228         pipe_style followup;            /* PIPE_BG, PIPE_SEQ, PIPE_OR, PIPE_AND */
229         reserved_style r_mode;          /* supports if, for, while, until */
230 };
231
232 struct close_me {
233         int fd;
234         struct close_me *next;
235 };
236
237 struct variables {
238         char *name;
239         char *value;
240         int flg_export;
241         int flg_read_only;
242         struct variables *next;
243 };
244
245 /* globals, connect us to the outside world
246  * the first three support $?, $#, and $1 */
247 char **global_argv;
248 unsigned int global_argc;
249 unsigned int last_return_code;
250 extern char **environ; /* This is in <unistd.h>, but protected with __USE_GNU */
251
252 /* "globals" within this file */
253 static char *ifs;
254 static char map[256];
255 static int fake_mode;
256 static int interactive;
257 static struct close_me *close_me_head;
258 static const char *cwd;
259 static struct pipe *job_list;
260 static unsigned int last_bg_pid;
261 static unsigned int last_jobid;
262 static unsigned int shell_terminal;
263 static char *PS1;
264 static char *PS2;
265 struct variables shell_ver = { "HUSH_VERSION", "0.01", 1, 1, 0 };
266 struct variables *top_vars = &shell_ver;
267
268
269 #define B_CHUNK (100)
270 #define B_NOSPAC 1
271
272 typedef struct {
273         char *data;
274         int length;
275         int maxlen;
276         int quote;
277         int nonnull;
278 } o_string;
279 #define NULL_O_STRING {NULL,0,0,0,0}
280 /* used for initialization:
281         o_string foo = NULL_O_STRING; */
282
283 /* I can almost use ordinary FILE *.  Is open_memstream() universally
284  * available?  Where is it documented? */
285 struct in_str {
286         const char *p;
287         char peek_buf[2];
288         int __promptme;
289         int promptmode;
290         FILE *file;
291         int (*get) (struct in_str *);
292         int (*peek) (struct in_str *);
293 };
294 #define b_getch(input) ((input)->get(input))
295 #define b_peek(input) ((input)->peek(input))
296
297 #define JOB_STATUS_FORMAT "[%d] %-22s %.40s\n"
298
299 struct built_in_command {
300         char *cmd;                                      /* name */
301         char *descr;                            /* description */
302         int (*function) (struct child_prog *);  /* function ptr */
303 };
304
305 /* belongs in busybox.h */
306 static inline int max(int a, int b) {
307         return (a>b)?a:b;
308 }
309
310 /* This should be in utility.c */
311 #ifdef DEBUG_SHELL
312 static void debug_printf(const char *format, ...)
313 {
314         va_list args;
315         va_start(args, format);
316         vfprintf(stderr, format, args);
317         va_end(args);
318 }
319 #else
320 static inline void debug_printf(const char *format, ...) { }
321 #endif
322 #define final_printf debug_printf
323
324 static void __syntax(char *file, int line) {
325         bb_error_msg("syntax error %s:%d", file, line);
326 }
327 #define syntax() __syntax(__FILE__, __LINE__)
328
329 /* Index of subroutines: */
330 /*   function prototypes for builtins */
331 static int builtin_cd(struct child_prog *child);
332 static int builtin_env(struct child_prog *child);
333 static int builtin_eval(struct child_prog *child);
334 static int builtin_exec(struct child_prog *child);
335 static int builtin_exit(struct child_prog *child);
336 static int builtin_export(struct child_prog *child);
337 static int builtin_fg_bg(struct child_prog *child);
338 static int builtin_help(struct child_prog *child);
339 static int builtin_jobs(struct child_prog *child);
340 static int builtin_pwd(struct child_prog *child);
341 static int builtin_read(struct child_prog *child);
342 static int builtin_set(struct child_prog *child);
343 static int builtin_shift(struct child_prog *child);
344 static int builtin_source(struct child_prog *child);
345 static int builtin_umask(struct child_prog *child);
346 static int builtin_unset(struct child_prog *child);
347 static int builtin_not_written(struct child_prog *child);
348 /*   o_string manipulation: */
349 static int b_check_space(o_string *o, int len);
350 static int b_addchr(o_string *o, int ch);
351 static void b_reset(o_string *o);
352 static int b_addqchr(o_string *o, int ch, int quote);
353 static int b_adduint(o_string *o, unsigned int i);
354 /*  in_str manipulations: */
355 static int static_get(struct in_str *i);
356 static int static_peek(struct in_str *i);
357 static int file_get(struct in_str *i);
358 static int file_peek(struct in_str *i);
359 static void setup_file_in_str(struct in_str *i, FILE *f);
360 static void setup_string_in_str(struct in_str *i, const char *s);
361 /*  close_me manipulations: */
362 static void mark_open(int fd);
363 static void mark_closed(int fd);
364 static void close_all(void);
365 /*  "run" the final data structures: */
366 static char *indenter(int i);
367 static int free_pipe_list(struct pipe *head, int indent);
368 static int free_pipe(struct pipe *pi, int indent);
369 /*  really run the final data structures: */
370 static int setup_redirects(struct child_prog *prog, int squirrel[]);
371 static int run_list_real(struct pipe *pi);
372 static void pseudo_exec(struct child_prog *child) __attribute__ ((noreturn));
373 static int run_pipe_real(struct pipe *pi);
374 /*   extended glob support: */
375 static int globhack(const char *src, int flags, glob_t *pglob);
376 static int glob_needed(const char *s);
377 static int xglob(o_string *dest, int flags, glob_t *pglob);
378 /*   variable assignment: */
379 static int is_assignment(const char *s);
380 /*   data structure manipulation: */
381 static int setup_redirect(struct p_context *ctx, int fd, redir_type style, struct in_str *input);
382 static void initialize_context(struct p_context *ctx);
383 static int done_word(o_string *dest, struct p_context *ctx);
384 static int done_command(struct p_context *ctx);
385 static int done_pipe(struct p_context *ctx, pipe_style type);
386 /*   primary string parsing: */
387 static int redirect_dup_num(struct in_str *input);
388 static int redirect_opt_num(o_string *o);
389 static int process_command_subs(o_string *dest, struct p_context *ctx, struct in_str *input, int subst_end);
390 static int parse_group(o_string *dest, struct p_context *ctx, struct in_str *input, int ch);
391 static char *lookup_param(char *src);
392 static char *make_string(char **inp);
393 static int handle_dollar(o_string *dest, struct p_context *ctx, struct in_str *input);
394 static int parse_string(o_string *dest, struct p_context *ctx, const char *src);
395 static int parse_stream(o_string *dest, struct p_context *ctx, struct in_str *input0, int end_trigger);
396 /*   setup: */
397 static int parse_stream_outer(struct in_str *inp, int flag);
398 static int parse_string_outer(const char *s, int flag);
399 static int parse_file_outer(FILE *f);
400 /*   job management: */
401 static int checkjobs(struct pipe* fg_pipe);
402 static void insert_bg_job(struct pipe *pi);
403 static void remove_bg_job(struct pipe *pi);
404 /*     local variable support */
405 static char **make_list_in(char **inp, char *name);
406 static char *insert_var_value(char *inp);
407 static char *get_local_var(const char *var);
408 static void  unset_local_var(const char *name);
409 static int set_local_var(const char *s, int flg_export);
410
411 /* Table of built-in functions.  They can be forked or not, depending on
412  * context: within pipes, they fork.  As simple commands, they do not.
413  * When used in non-forking context, they can change global variables
414  * in the parent shell process.  If forked, of course they can not.
415  * For example, 'unset foo | whatever' will parse and run, but foo will
416  * still be set at the end. */
417 static struct built_in_command bltins[] = {
418         {"bg", "Resume a job in the background", builtin_fg_bg},
419         {"break", "Exit for, while or until loop", builtin_not_written},
420         {"cd", "Change working directory", builtin_cd},
421         {"continue", "Continue for, while or until loop", builtin_not_written},
422         {"env", "Print all environment variables", builtin_env},
423         {"eval", "Construct and run shell command", builtin_eval},
424         {"exec", "Exec command, replacing this shell with the exec'd process",
425                 builtin_exec},
426         {"exit", "Exit from shell()", builtin_exit},
427         {"export", "Set environment variable", builtin_export},
428         {"fg", "Bring job into the foreground", builtin_fg_bg},
429         {"jobs", "Lists the active jobs", builtin_jobs},
430         {"pwd", "Print current directory", builtin_pwd},
431         {"read", "Input environment variable", builtin_read},
432         {"return", "Return from a function", builtin_not_written},
433         {"set", "Set/unset shell local variables", builtin_set},
434         {"shift", "Shift positional parameters", builtin_shift},
435         {"trap", "Trap signals", builtin_not_written},
436         {"ulimit","Controls resource limits", builtin_not_written},
437         {"umask","Sets file creation mask", builtin_umask},
438         {"unset", "Unset environment variable", builtin_unset},
439         {".", "Source-in and run commands in a file", builtin_source},
440         {"help", "List shell built-in commands", builtin_help},
441         {NULL, NULL, NULL}
442 };
443
444 static const char *set_cwd(void)
445 {
446         if(cwd==bb_msg_unknown)
447                 cwd = NULL;     /* xgetcwd(arg) called free(arg) */
448         cwd = xgetcwd((char *)cwd);
449         if (!cwd)
450                 cwd = bb_msg_unknown;
451         return cwd;
452 }
453
454 /* built-in 'eval' handler */
455 static int builtin_eval(struct child_prog *child)
456 {
457         char *str = NULL;
458         int rcode = EXIT_SUCCESS;
459
460         if (child->argv[1]) {
461                 str = make_string(child->argv + 1);
462                 parse_string_outer(str, FLAG_EXIT_FROM_LOOP |
463                                         FLAG_PARSE_SEMICOLON);
464                 free(str);
465                 rcode = last_return_code;
466         }
467         return rcode;
468 }
469
470 /* built-in 'cd <path>' handler */
471 static int builtin_cd(struct child_prog *child)
472 {
473         char *newdir;
474         if (child->argv[1] == NULL)
475                 newdir = getenv("HOME");
476         else
477                 newdir = child->argv[1];
478         if (chdir(newdir)) {
479                 printf("cd: %s: %s\n", newdir, strerror(errno));
480                 return EXIT_FAILURE;
481         }
482         set_cwd();
483         return EXIT_SUCCESS;
484 }
485
486 /* built-in 'env' handler */
487 static int builtin_env(struct child_prog *dummy)
488 {
489         char **e = environ;
490         if (e == NULL) return EXIT_FAILURE;
491         for (; *e; e++) {
492                 puts(*e);
493         }
494         return EXIT_SUCCESS;
495 }
496
497 /* built-in 'exec' handler */
498 static int builtin_exec(struct child_prog *child)
499 {
500         if (child->argv[1] == NULL)
501                 return EXIT_SUCCESS;   /* Really? */
502         child->argv++;
503         pseudo_exec(child);
504         /* never returns */
505 }
506
507 /* built-in 'exit' handler */
508 static int builtin_exit(struct child_prog *child)
509 {
510         if (child->argv[1] == NULL)
511                 exit(last_return_code);
512         exit (atoi(child->argv[1]));
513 }
514
515 /* built-in 'export VAR=value' handler */
516 static int builtin_export(struct child_prog *child)
517 {
518         int res = 0;
519         char *name = child->argv[1];
520
521         if (name == NULL) {
522                 return (builtin_env(child));
523         }
524
525         name = strdup(name);
526
527         if(name) {
528                 char *value = strchr(name, '=');
529
530                 if (!value) {
531                         char *tmp;
532                         /* They are exporting something without an =VALUE */
533
534                         value = get_local_var(name);
535                         if (value) {
536                                 size_t ln = strlen(name);
537
538                                 tmp = realloc(name, ln+strlen(value)+2);
539                                 if(tmp==NULL)
540                                         res = -1;
541                                 else {
542                                         sprintf(tmp+ln, "=%s", value);
543                                         name = tmp;
544                                 }
545                         } else {
546                                 /* bash does not return an error when trying to export
547                                  * an undefined variable.  Do likewise. */
548                                 res = 1;
549                         }
550                 }
551         }
552         if (res<0)
553                 bb_perror_msg("export");
554         else if(res==0)
555                 res = set_local_var(name, 1);
556         else
557                 res = 0;
558         free(name);
559         return res;
560 }
561
562 /* built-in 'fg' and 'bg' handler */
563 static int builtin_fg_bg(struct child_prog *child)
564 {
565         int i, jobnum;
566         struct pipe *pi=NULL;
567
568         if (!interactive)
569                 return EXIT_FAILURE;
570         /* If they gave us no args, assume they want the last backgrounded task */
571         if (!child->argv[1]) {
572                 for (pi = job_list; pi; pi = pi->next) {
573                         if (pi->jobid == last_jobid) {
574                                 break;
575                         }
576                 }
577                 if (!pi) {
578                         bb_error_msg("%s: no current job", child->argv[0]);
579                         return EXIT_FAILURE;
580                 }
581         } else {
582                 if (sscanf(child->argv[1], "%%%d", &jobnum) != 1) {
583                         bb_error_msg("%s: bad argument '%s'", child->argv[0], child->argv[1]);
584                         return EXIT_FAILURE;
585                 }
586                 for (pi = job_list; pi; pi = pi->next) {
587                         if (pi->jobid == jobnum) {
588                                 break;
589                         }
590                 }
591                 if (!pi) {
592                         bb_error_msg("%s: %d: no such job", child->argv[0], jobnum);
593                         return EXIT_FAILURE;
594                 }
595         }
596
597         if (*child->argv[0] == 'f') {
598                 /* Put the job into the foreground.  */
599                 tcsetpgrp(shell_terminal, pi->pgrp);
600         }
601
602         /* Restart the processes in the job */
603         for (i = 0; i < pi->num_progs; i++)
604                 pi->progs[i].is_stopped = 0;
605
606         if ( (i=kill(- pi->pgrp, SIGCONT)) < 0) {
607                 if (i == ESRCH) {
608                         remove_bg_job(pi);
609                 } else {
610                         bb_perror_msg("kill (SIGCONT)");
611                 }
612         }
613
614         pi->stopped_progs = 0;
615         return EXIT_SUCCESS;
616 }
617
618 /* built-in 'help' handler */
619 static int builtin_help(struct child_prog *dummy)
620 {
621         struct built_in_command *x;
622
623         printf("\nBuilt-in commands:\n");
624         printf("-------------------\n");
625         for (x = bltins; x->cmd; x++) {
626                 if (x->descr==NULL)
627                         continue;
628                 printf("%s\t%s\n", x->cmd, x->descr);
629         }
630         printf("\n\n");
631         return EXIT_SUCCESS;
632 }
633
634 /* built-in 'jobs' handler */
635 static int builtin_jobs(struct child_prog *child)
636 {
637         struct pipe *job;
638         char *status_string;
639
640         for (job = job_list; job; job = job->next) {
641                 if (job->running_progs == job->stopped_progs)
642                         status_string = "Stopped";
643                 else
644                         status_string = "Running";
645
646                 printf(JOB_STATUS_FORMAT, job->jobid, status_string, job->text);
647         }
648         return EXIT_SUCCESS;
649 }
650
651
652 /* built-in 'pwd' handler */
653 static int builtin_pwd(struct child_prog *dummy)
654 {
655         puts(set_cwd());
656         return EXIT_SUCCESS;
657 }
658
659 /* built-in 'read VAR' handler */
660 static int builtin_read(struct child_prog *child)
661 {
662         int res;
663
664         if (child->argv[1]) {
665                 char string[BUFSIZ];
666                 char *var = 0;
667
668                 string[0] = 0;  /* In case stdin has only EOF */
669                 /* read string */
670                 fgets(string, sizeof(string), stdin);
671                 chomp(string);
672                 var = malloc(strlen(child->argv[1])+strlen(string)+2);
673                 if(var) {
674                         sprintf(var, "%s=%s", child->argv[1], string);
675                         res = set_local_var(var, 0);
676                 } else
677                         res = -1;
678                 if (res)
679                         fprintf(stderr, "read: %m\n");
680                 free(var);      /* So not move up to avoid breaking errno */
681                 return res;
682         } else {
683                 do res=getchar(); while(res!='\n' && res!=EOF);
684                 return 0;
685         }
686 }
687
688 /* built-in 'set VAR=value' handler */
689 static int builtin_set(struct child_prog *child)
690 {
691         char *temp = child->argv[1];
692         struct variables *e;
693
694         if (temp == NULL)
695                 for(e = top_vars; e; e=e->next)
696                         printf("%s=%s\n", e->name, e->value);
697         else
698                 set_local_var(temp, 0);
699
700                 return EXIT_SUCCESS;
701 }
702
703
704 /* Built-in 'shift' handler */
705 static int builtin_shift(struct child_prog *child)
706 {
707         int n=1;
708         if (child->argv[1]) {
709                 n=atoi(child->argv[1]);
710         }
711         if (n>=0 && n<global_argc) {
712                 /* XXX This probably breaks $0 */
713                 global_argc -= n;
714                 global_argv += n;
715                 return EXIT_SUCCESS;
716         } else {
717                 return EXIT_FAILURE;
718         }
719 }
720
721 /* Built-in '.' handler (read-in and execute commands from file) */
722 static int builtin_source(struct child_prog *child)
723 {
724         FILE *input;
725         int status;
726
727         if (child->argv[1] == NULL)
728                 return EXIT_FAILURE;
729
730         /* XXX search through $PATH is missing */
731         input = fopen(child->argv[1], "r");
732         if (!input) {
733                 bb_error_msg("Couldn't open file '%s'", child->argv[1]);
734                 return EXIT_FAILURE;
735         }
736
737         /* Now run the file */
738         /* XXX argv and argc are broken; need to save old global_argv
739          * (pointer only is OK!) on this stack frame,
740          * set global_argv=child->argv+1, recurse, and restore. */
741         mark_open(fileno(input));
742         status = parse_file_outer(input);
743         mark_closed(fileno(input));
744         fclose(input);
745         return (status);
746 }
747
748 static int builtin_umask(struct child_prog *child)
749 {
750         mode_t new_umask;
751         const char *arg = child->argv[1];
752         char *end;
753         if (arg) {
754                 new_umask=strtoul(arg, &end, 8);
755                 if (*end!='\0' || end == arg) {
756                         return EXIT_FAILURE;
757                 }
758         } else {
759                 printf("%.3o\n", (unsigned int) (new_umask=umask(0)));
760         }
761         umask(new_umask);
762         return EXIT_SUCCESS;
763 }
764
765 /* built-in 'unset VAR' handler */
766 static int builtin_unset(struct child_prog *child)
767 {
768         /* bash returned already true */
769         unset_local_var(child->argv[1]);
770         return EXIT_SUCCESS;
771 }
772
773 static int builtin_not_written(struct child_prog *child)
774 {
775         printf("builtin_%s not written\n",child->argv[0]);
776         return EXIT_FAILURE;
777 }
778
779 static int b_check_space(o_string *o, int len)
780 {
781         /* It would be easy to drop a more restrictive policy
782          * in here, such as setting a maximum string length */
783         if (o->length + len > o->maxlen) {
784                 char *old_data = o->data;
785                 /* assert (data == NULL || o->maxlen != 0); */
786                 o->maxlen += max(2*len, B_CHUNK);
787                 o->data = realloc(o->data, 1 + o->maxlen);
788                 if (o->data == NULL) {
789                         free(old_data);
790                 }
791         }
792         return o->data == NULL;
793 }
794
795 static int b_addchr(o_string *o, int ch)
796 {
797         debug_printf("b_addchr: %c %d %p\n", ch, o->length, o);
798         if (b_check_space(o, 1)) return B_NOSPAC;
799         o->data[o->length] = ch;
800         o->length++;
801         o->data[o->length] = '\0';
802         return 0;
803 }
804
805 static void b_reset(o_string *o)
806 {
807         o->length = 0;
808         o->nonnull = 0;
809         if (o->data != NULL) *o->data = '\0';
810 }
811
812 static void b_free(o_string *o)
813 {
814         b_reset(o);
815         free(o->data);
816         o->data = NULL;
817         o->maxlen = 0;
818 }
819
820 /* My analysis of quoting semantics tells me that state information
821  * is associated with a destination, not a source.
822  */
823 static int b_addqchr(o_string *o, int ch, int quote)
824 {
825         if (quote && strchr("*?[\\",ch)) {
826                 int rc;
827                 rc = b_addchr(o, '\\');
828                 if (rc) return rc;
829         }
830         return b_addchr(o, ch);
831 }
832
833 /* belongs in utility.c */
834 char *simple_itoa(unsigned int i)
835 {
836         /* 21 digits plus null terminator, good for 64-bit or smaller ints */
837         static char local[22];
838         char *p = &local[21];
839         *p-- = '\0';
840         do {
841                 *p-- = '0' + i % 10;
842                 i /= 10;
843         } while (i > 0);
844         return p + 1;
845 }
846
847 static int b_adduint(o_string *o, unsigned int i)
848 {
849         int r;
850         char *p = simple_itoa(i);
851         /* no escape checking necessary */
852         do r=b_addchr(o, *p++); while (r==0 && *p);
853         return r;
854 }
855
856 static int static_get(struct in_str *i)
857 {
858         int ch=*i->p++;
859         if (ch=='\0') return EOF;
860         return ch;
861 }
862
863 static int static_peek(struct in_str *i)
864 {
865         return *i->p;
866 }
867
868 static inline void cmdedit_set_initial_prompt(void)
869 {
870 #ifndef CONFIG_FEATURE_SH_FANCY_PROMPT
871         PS1 = NULL;
872 #else
873         PS1 = getenv("PS1");
874         if(PS1==0)
875                 PS1 = "\\w \\$ ";
876 #endif
877 }
878
879 static inline void setup_prompt_string(int promptmode, char **prompt_str)
880 {
881         debug_printf("setup_prompt_string %d ",promptmode);
882 #ifndef CONFIG_FEATURE_SH_FANCY_PROMPT
883         /* Set up the prompt */
884         if (promptmode == 1) {
885                 free(PS1);
886                 PS1=xmalloc(strlen(cwd)+4);
887                 sprintf(PS1, "%s %s", cwd, ( geteuid() != 0 ) ?  "$ ":"# ");
888                 *prompt_str = PS1;
889         } else {
890                 *prompt_str = PS2;
891         }
892 #else
893         *prompt_str = (promptmode==1)? PS1 : PS2;
894 #endif
895         debug_printf("result %s\n",*prompt_str);
896 }
897
898 static void get_user_input(struct in_str *i)
899 {
900         char *prompt_str;
901         static char the_command[BUFSIZ];
902
903         setup_prompt_string(i->promptmode, &prompt_str);
904 #ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_COMMAND_EDITING
905         /*
906          ** enable command line editing only while a command line
907          ** is actually being read; otherwise, we'll end up bequeathing
908          ** atexit() handlers and other unwanted stuff to our
909          ** child processes (rob@sysgo.de)
910          */
911         cmdedit_read_input(prompt_str, the_command);
912 #else
913         fputs(prompt_str, stdout);
914         fflush(stdout);
915         the_command[0]=fgetc(i->file);
916         the_command[1]='\0';
917 #endif
918         fflush(stdout);
919         i->p = the_command;
920 }
921
922 /* This is the magic location that prints prompts
923  * and gets data back from the user */
924 static int file_get(struct in_str *i)
925 {
926         int ch;
927
928         ch = 0;
929         /* If there is data waiting, eat it up */
930         if (i->p && *i->p) {
931                 ch=*i->p++;
932         } else {
933                 /* need to double check i->file because we might be doing something
934                  * more complicated by now, like sourcing or substituting. */
935                 if (i->__promptme && interactive && i->file == stdin) {
936                         while(! i->p || (interactive && strlen(i->p)==0) ) {
937                                 get_user_input(i);
938                         }
939                         i->promptmode=2;
940                         i->__promptme = 0;
941                         if (i->p && *i->p) {
942                                 ch=*i->p++;
943                         }
944                 } else {
945                         ch = fgetc(i->file);
946                 }
947
948                 debug_printf("b_getch: got a %d\n", ch);
949         }
950         if (ch == '\n') i->__promptme=1;
951         return ch;
952 }
953
954 /* All the callers guarantee this routine will never be
955  * used right after a newline, so prompting is not needed.
956  */
957 static int file_peek(struct in_str *i)
958 {
959         if (i->p && *i->p) {
960                 return *i->p;
961         } else {
962                 i->peek_buf[0] = fgetc(i->file);
963                 i->peek_buf[1] = '\0';
964                 i->p = i->peek_buf;
965                 debug_printf("b_peek: got a %d\n", *i->p);
966                 return *i->p;
967         }
968 }
969
970 static void setup_file_in_str(struct in_str *i, FILE *f)
971 {
972         i->peek = file_peek;
973         i->get = file_get;
974         i->__promptme=1;
975         i->promptmode=1;
976         i->file = f;
977         i->p = NULL;
978 }
979
980 static void setup_string_in_str(struct in_str *i, const char *s)
981 {
982         i->peek = static_peek;
983         i->get = static_get;
984         i->__promptme=1;
985         i->promptmode=1;
986         i->p = s;
987 }
988
989 static void mark_open(int fd)
990 {
991         struct close_me *new = xmalloc(sizeof(struct close_me));
992         new->fd = fd;
993         new->next = close_me_head;
994         close_me_head = new;
995 }
996
997 static void mark_closed(int fd)
998 {
999         struct close_me *tmp;
1000         if (close_me_head == NULL || close_me_head->fd != fd)
1001                 bb_error_msg_and_die("corrupt close_me");
1002         tmp = close_me_head;
1003         close_me_head = close_me_head->next;
1004         free(tmp);
1005 }
1006
1007 static void close_all(void)
1008 {
1009         struct close_me *c;
1010         for (c=close_me_head; c; c=c->next) {
1011                 close(c->fd);
1012         }
1013         close_me_head = NULL;
1014 }
1015
1016 /* squirrel != NULL means we squirrel away copies of stdin, stdout,
1017  * and stderr if they are redirected. */
1018 static int setup_redirects(struct child_prog *prog, int squirrel[])
1019 {
1020         int openfd, mode;
1021         struct redir_struct *redir;
1022
1023         for (redir=prog->redirects; redir; redir=redir->next) {
1024                 if (redir->dup == -1 && redir->word.gl_pathv == NULL) {
1025                         /* something went wrong in the parse.  Pretend it didn't happen */
1026                         continue;
1027                 }
1028                 if (redir->dup == -1) {
1029                         mode=redir_table[redir->type].mode;
1030                         openfd = open(redir->word.gl_pathv[0], mode, 0666);
1031                         if (openfd < 0) {
1032                         /* this could get lost if stderr has been redirected, but
1033                            bash and ash both lose it as well (though zsh doesn't!) */
1034                                 bb_perror_msg("error opening %s", redir->word.gl_pathv[0]);
1035                                 return 1;
1036                         }
1037                 } else {
1038                         openfd = redir->dup;
1039                 }
1040
1041                 if (openfd != redir->fd) {
1042                         if (squirrel && redir->fd < 3) {
1043                                 squirrel[redir->fd] = dup(redir->fd);
1044                         }
1045                         if (openfd == -3) {
1046                                 close(openfd);
1047                         } else {
1048                                 dup2(openfd, redir->fd);
1049                                 if (redir->dup == -1)
1050                                         close (openfd);
1051                         }
1052                 }
1053         }
1054         return 0;
1055 }
1056
1057 static void restore_redirects(int squirrel[])
1058 {
1059         int i, fd;
1060         for (i=0; i<3; i++) {
1061                 fd = squirrel[i];
1062                 if (fd != -1) {
1063                         /* No error checking.  I sure wouldn't know what
1064                          * to do with an error if I found one! */
1065                         dup2(fd, i);
1066                         close(fd);
1067                 }
1068         }
1069 }
1070
1071 /* never returns */
1072 /* XXX no exit() here.  If you don't exec, use _exit instead.
1073  * The at_exit handlers apparently confuse the calling process,
1074  * in particular stdin handling.  Not sure why? */
1075 static void pseudo_exec(struct child_prog *child)
1076 {
1077         int i, rcode;
1078         char *p;
1079         struct built_in_command *x;
1080         if (child->argv) {
1081                 for (i=0; is_assignment(child->argv[i]); i++) {
1082                         debug_printf("pid %d environment modification: %s\n",getpid(),child->argv[i]);
1083                         p = insert_var_value(child->argv[i]);
1084                         putenv(strdup(p));
1085                         if (p != child->argv[i]) free(p);
1086                 }
1087                 child->argv+=i;  /* XXX this hack isn't so horrible, since we are about
1088                                         to exit, and therefore don't need to keep data
1089                                         structures consistent for free() use. */
1090                 /* If a variable is assigned in a forest, and nobody listens,
1091                  * was it ever really set?
1092                  */
1093                 if (child->argv[0] == NULL) {
1094                         _exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
1095                 }
1096
1097                 /*
1098                  * Check if the command matches any of the builtins.
1099                  * Depending on context, this might be redundant.  But it's
1100                  * easier to waste a few CPU cycles than it is to figure out
1101                  * if this is one of those cases.
1102                  */
1103                 for (x = bltins; x->cmd; x++) {
1104                         if (strcmp(child->argv[0], x->cmd) == 0 ) {
1105                                 debug_printf("builtin exec %s\n", child->argv[0]);
1106                                 rcode = x->function(child);
1107                                 fflush(stdout);
1108                                 _exit(rcode);
1109                         }
1110                 }
1111
1112                 /* Check if the command matches any busybox internal commands
1113                  * ("applets") here.
1114                  * FIXME: This feature is not 100% safe, since
1115                  * BusyBox is not fully reentrant, so we have no guarantee the things
1116                  * from the .bss are still zeroed, or that things from .data are still
1117                  * at their defaults.  We could exec ourself from /proc/self/exe, but I
1118                  * really dislike relying on /proc for things.  We could exec ourself
1119                  * from global_argv[0], but if we are in a chroot, we may not be able
1120                  * to find ourself... */
1121 #ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_SH_STANDALONE_SHELL
1122                 {
1123                         int argc_l;
1124                         char** argv_l=child->argv;
1125                         char *name = child->argv[0];
1126
1127                         /* Count argc for use in a second... */
1128                         for(argc_l=0;*argv_l!=NULL; argv_l++, argc_l++);
1129                         optind = 1;
1130                         debug_printf("running applet %s\n", name);
1131                         run_applet_by_name(name, argc_l, child->argv);
1132                 }
1133 #endif
1134                 debug_printf("exec of %s\n",child->argv[0]);
1135                 execvp(child->argv[0],child->argv);
1136                 bb_perror_msg("couldn't exec: %s",child->argv[0]);
1137                 _exit(1);
1138         } else if (child->group) {
1139                 debug_printf("runtime nesting to group\n");
1140                 interactive=0;    /* crucial!!!! */
1141                 rcode = run_list_real(child->group);
1142                 /* OK to leak memory by not calling free_pipe_list,
1143                  * since this process is about to exit */
1144                 _exit(rcode);
1145         } else {
1146                 /* Can happen.  See what bash does with ">foo" by itself. */
1147                 debug_printf("trying to pseudo_exec null command\n");
1148                 _exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
1149         }
1150 }
1151
1152 static void insert_bg_job(struct pipe *pi)
1153 {
1154         struct pipe *thejob;
1155
1156         /* Linear search for the ID of the job to use */
1157         pi->jobid = 1;
1158         for (thejob = job_list; thejob; thejob = thejob->next)
1159                 if (thejob->jobid >= pi->jobid)
1160                         pi->jobid = thejob->jobid + 1;
1161
1162         /* add thejob to the list of running jobs */
1163         if (!job_list) {
1164                 thejob = job_list = xmalloc(sizeof(*thejob));
1165         } else {
1166                 for (thejob = job_list; thejob->next; thejob = thejob->next) /* nothing */;
1167                 thejob->next = xmalloc(sizeof(*thejob));
1168                 thejob = thejob->next;
1169         }
1170
1171         /* physically copy the struct job */
1172         memcpy(thejob, pi, sizeof(struct pipe));
1173         thejob->next = NULL;
1174         thejob->running_progs = thejob->num_progs;
1175         thejob->stopped_progs = 0;
1176         thejob->text = xmalloc(BUFSIZ); /* cmdedit buffer size */
1177
1178         //if (pi->progs[0] && pi->progs[0].argv && pi->progs[0].argv[0])
1179         {
1180                 char *bar=thejob->text;
1181                 char **foo=pi->progs[0].argv;
1182                 while(foo && *foo) {
1183                         bar += sprintf(bar, "%s ", *foo++);
1184                 }
1185         }
1186
1187         /* we don't wait for background thejobs to return -- append it
1188            to the list of backgrounded thejobs and leave it alone */
1189         printf("[%d] %d\n", thejob->jobid, thejob->progs[0].pid);
1190         last_bg_pid = thejob->progs[0].pid;
1191         last_jobid = thejob->jobid;
1192 }
1193
1194 /* remove a backgrounded job */
1195 static void remove_bg_job(struct pipe *pi)
1196 {
1197         struct pipe *prev_pipe;
1198
1199         if (pi == job_list) {
1200                 job_list = pi->next;
1201         } else {
1202                 prev_pipe = job_list;
1203                 while (prev_pipe->next != pi)
1204                         prev_pipe = prev_pipe->next;
1205                 prev_pipe->next = pi->next;
1206         }
1207         if (job_list)
1208                 last_jobid = job_list->jobid;
1209         else
1210                 last_jobid = 0;
1211
1212         pi->stopped_progs = 0;
1213         free_pipe(pi, 0);
1214         free(pi);
1215 }
1216
1217 /* Checks to see if any processes have exited -- if they
1218    have, figure out why and see if a job has completed */
1219 static int checkjobs(struct pipe* fg_pipe)
1220 {
1221         int attributes;
1222         int status;
1223         int prognum = 0;
1224         struct pipe *pi;
1225         pid_t childpid;
1226
1227         attributes = WUNTRACED;
1228         if (fg_pipe==NULL) {
1229                 attributes |= WNOHANG;
1230         }
1231
1232         while ((childpid = waitpid(-1, &status, attributes)) > 0) {
1233                 if (fg_pipe) {
1234                         int i, rcode = 0;
1235                         for (i=0; i < fg_pipe->num_progs; i++) {
1236                                 if (fg_pipe->progs[i].pid == childpid) {
1237                                         if (i==fg_pipe->num_progs-1)
1238                                                 rcode=WEXITSTATUS(status);
1239                                         (fg_pipe->num_progs)--;
1240                                         return(rcode);
1241                                 }
1242                         }
1243                 }
1244
1245                 for (pi = job_list; pi; pi = pi->next) {
1246                         prognum = 0;
1247                         while (prognum < pi->num_progs && pi->progs[prognum].pid != childpid) {
1248                                 prognum++;
1249                         }
1250                         if (prognum < pi->num_progs)
1251                                 break;
1252                 }
1253
1254                 if(pi==NULL) {
1255                         debug_printf("checkjobs: pid %d was not in our list!\n", childpid);
1256                         continue;
1257                 }
1258
1259                 if (WIFEXITED(status) || WIFSIGNALED(status)) {
1260                         /* child exited */
1261                         pi->running_progs--;
1262                         pi->progs[prognum].pid = 0;
1263
1264                         if (!pi->running_progs) {
1265                                 printf(JOB_STATUS_FORMAT, pi->jobid, "Done", pi->text);
1266                                 remove_bg_job(pi);
1267                         }
1268                 } else {
1269                         /* child stopped */
1270                         pi->stopped_progs++;
1271                         pi->progs[prognum].is_stopped = 1;
1272
1273 #if 0
1274                         /* Printing this stuff is a pain, since it tends to
1275                          * overwrite the prompt an inconveinient moments.  So
1276                          * don't do that.  */
1277                         if (pi->stopped_progs == pi->num_progs) {
1278                                 printf("\n"JOB_STATUS_FORMAT, pi->jobid, "Stopped", pi->text);
1279                         }
1280 #endif
1281                 }
1282         }
1283
1284         if (childpid == -1 && errno != ECHILD)
1285                 bb_perror_msg("waitpid");
1286
1287         /* move the shell to the foreground */
1288         //if (interactive && tcsetpgrp(shell_terminal, getpgid(0)))
1289         //      bb_perror_msg("tcsetpgrp-2");
1290         return -1;
1291 }
1292
1293 /* Figure out our controlling tty, checking in order stderr,
1294  * stdin, and stdout.  If check_pgrp is set, also check that
1295  * we belong to the foreground process group associated with
1296  * that tty.  The value of shell_terminal is needed in order to call
1297  * tcsetpgrp(shell_terminal, ...); */
1298 void controlling_tty(int check_pgrp)
1299 {
1300         pid_t curpgrp;
1301
1302         if ((curpgrp = tcgetpgrp(shell_terminal = 2)) < 0
1303                         && (curpgrp = tcgetpgrp(shell_terminal = 0)) < 0
1304                         && (curpgrp = tcgetpgrp(shell_terminal = 1)) < 0)
1305                 goto shell_terminal_error;
1306
1307         if (check_pgrp && curpgrp != getpgid(0))
1308                 goto shell_terminal_error;
1309
1310         return;
1311
1312 shell_terminal_error:
1313                 shell_terminal = -1;
1314                 return;
1315 }
1316
1317 /* run_pipe_real() starts all the jobs, but doesn't wait for anything
1318  * to finish.  See checkjobs().
1319  *
1320  * return code is normally -1, when the caller has to wait for children
1321  * to finish to determine the exit status of the pipe.  If the pipe
1322  * is a simple builtin command, however, the action is done by the
1323  * time run_pipe_real returns, and the exit code is provided as the
1324  * return value.
1325  *
1326  * The input of the pipe is always stdin, the output is always
1327  * stdout.  The outpipe[] mechanism in BusyBox-0.48 lash is bogus,
1328  * because it tries to avoid running the command substitution in
1329  * subshell, when that is in fact necessary.  The subshell process
1330  * now has its stdout directed to the input of the appropriate pipe,
1331  * so this routine is noticeably simpler.
1332  */
1333 static int run_pipe_real(struct pipe *pi)
1334 {
1335         int i;
1336         int nextin, nextout;
1337         int pipefds[2];                         /* pipefds[0] is for reading */
1338         struct child_prog *child;
1339         struct built_in_command *x;
1340         char *p;
1341
1342         nextin = 0;
1343         pi->pgrp = -1;
1344
1345         /* Check if this is a simple builtin (not part of a pipe).
1346          * Builtins within pipes have to fork anyway, and are handled in
1347          * pseudo_exec.  "echo foo | read bar" doesn't work on bash, either.
1348          */
1349         if (pi->num_progs == 1) child = & (pi->progs[0]);
1350         if (pi->num_progs == 1 && child->group && child->subshell == 0) {
1351                 int squirrel[] = {-1, -1, -1};
1352                 int rcode;
1353                 debug_printf("non-subshell grouping\n");
1354                 setup_redirects(child, squirrel);
1355                 /* XXX could we merge code with following builtin case,
1356                  * by creating a pseudo builtin that calls run_list_real? */
1357                 rcode = run_list_real(child->group);
1358                 restore_redirects(squirrel);
1359                 return rcode;
1360         } else if (pi->num_progs == 1 && pi->progs[0].argv != NULL) {
1361                 for (i=0; is_assignment(child->argv[i]); i++) { /* nothing */ }
1362                 if (i!=0 && child->argv[i]==NULL) {
1363                         /* assignments, but no command: set the local environment */
1364                         for (i=0; child->argv[i]!=NULL; i++) {
1365
1366                                 /* Ok, this case is tricky.  We have to decide if this is a
1367                                  * local variable, or an already exported variable.  If it is
1368                                  * already exported, we have to export the new value.  If it is
1369                                  * not exported, we need only set this as a local variable.
1370                                  * This junk is all to decide whether or not to export this
1371                                  * variable. */
1372                                 int export_me=0;
1373                                 char *name, *value;
1374                                 name = bb_xstrdup(child->argv[i]);
1375                                 debug_printf("Local environment set: %s\n", name);
1376                                 value = strchr(name, '=');
1377                                 if (value)
1378                                         *value=0;
1379                                 if ( get_local_var(name)) {
1380                                         export_me=1;
1381                                 }
1382                                 free(name);
1383                                 p = insert_var_value(child->argv[i]);
1384                                 set_local_var(p, export_me);
1385                                 if (p != child->argv[i]) free(p);
1386                         }
1387                         return EXIT_SUCCESS;   /* don't worry about errors in set_local_var() yet */
1388                 }
1389                 for (i = 0; is_assignment(child->argv[i]); i++) {
1390                         p = insert_var_value(child->argv[i]);
1391                         putenv(strdup(p));
1392                         if (p != child->argv[i]) {
1393                                 child->sp--;
1394                                 free(p);
1395                         }
1396                 }
1397                 if (child->sp) {
1398                         char * str = NULL;
1399
1400                         str = make_string((child->argv + i));
1401                         parse_string_outer(str, FLAG_EXIT_FROM_LOOP | FLAG_REPARSING);
1402                         free(str);
1403                         return last_return_code;
1404                 }
1405                 for (x = bltins; x->cmd; x++) {
1406                         if (strcmp(child->argv[i], x->cmd) == 0 ) {
1407                                 int squirrel[] = {-1, -1, -1};
1408                                 int rcode;
1409                                 if (x->function == builtin_exec && child->argv[i+1]==NULL) {
1410                                         debug_printf("magic exec\n");
1411                                         setup_redirects(child,NULL);
1412                                         return EXIT_SUCCESS;
1413                                 }
1414                                 debug_printf("builtin inline %s\n", child->argv[0]);
1415                                 /* XXX setup_redirects acts on file descriptors, not FILEs.
1416                                  * This is perfect for work that comes after exec().
1417                                  * Is it really safe for inline use?  Experimentally,
1418                                  * things seem to work with glibc. */
1419                                 setup_redirects(child, squirrel);
1420                                 child->argv+=i;  /* XXX horrible hack */
1421                                 rcode = x->function(child);
1422                                 child->argv-=i;  /* XXX restore hack so free() can work right */
1423                                 restore_redirects(squirrel);
1424                                 return rcode;
1425                         }
1426                 }
1427         }
1428
1429         for (i = 0; i < pi->num_progs; i++) {
1430                 child = & (pi->progs[i]);
1431
1432                 /* pipes are inserted between pairs of commands */
1433                 if ((i + 1) < pi->num_progs) {
1434                         if (pipe(pipefds)<0) bb_perror_msg_and_die("pipe");
1435                         nextout = pipefds[1];
1436                 } else {
1437                         nextout=1;
1438                         pipefds[0] = -1;
1439                 }
1440
1441                 /* XXX test for failed fork()? */
1442 #if !defined(__UCLIBC__) || defined(__ARCH_HAS_MMU__)
1443                 if (!(child->pid = fork()))
1444 #else
1445                 if (!(child->pid = vfork()))
1446 #endif
1447                 {
1448                         /* Set the handling for job control signals back to the default.  */
1449                         signal(SIGINT, SIG_DFL);
1450                         signal(SIGQUIT, SIG_DFL);
1451                         signal(SIGTERM, SIG_DFL);
1452                         signal(SIGTSTP, SIG_DFL);
1453                         signal(SIGTTIN, SIG_DFL);
1454                         signal(SIGTTOU, SIG_DFL);
1455                         signal(SIGCHLD, SIG_DFL);
1456
1457                         close_all();
1458
1459                         if (nextin != 0) {
1460                                 dup2(nextin, 0);
1461                                 close(nextin);
1462                         }
1463                         if (nextout != 1) {
1464                                 dup2(nextout, 1);
1465                                 close(nextout);
1466                         }
1467                         if (pipefds[0]!=-1) {
1468                                 close(pipefds[0]);  /* opposite end of our output pipe */
1469                         }
1470
1471                         /* Like bash, explicit redirects override pipes,
1472                          * and the pipe fd is available for dup'ing. */
1473                         setup_redirects(child,NULL);
1474
1475                         if (interactive && pi->followup!=PIPE_BG) {
1476                                 /* If we (the child) win the race, put ourselves in the process
1477                                  * group whose leader is the first process in this pipe. */
1478                                 if (pi->pgrp < 0) {
1479                                         pi->pgrp = getpid();
1480                                 }
1481                                 if (setpgid(0, pi->pgrp) == 0) {
1482                                         tcsetpgrp(2, pi->pgrp);
1483                                 }
1484                         }
1485
1486                         pseudo_exec(child);
1487                 }
1488
1489
1490                 /* put our child in the process group whose leader is the
1491                    first process in this pipe */
1492                 if (pi->pgrp < 0) {
1493                         pi->pgrp = child->pid;
1494                 }
1495                 /* Don't check for errors.  The child may be dead already,
1496                  * in which case setpgid returns error code EACCES. */
1497                 setpgid(child->pid, pi->pgrp);
1498
1499                 if (nextin != 0)
1500                         close(nextin);
1501                 if (nextout != 1)
1502                         close(nextout);
1503
1504                 /* If there isn't another process, nextin is garbage
1505                    but it doesn't matter */
1506                 nextin = pipefds[0];
1507         }
1508         return -1;
1509 }
1510
1511 static int run_list_real(struct pipe *pi)
1512 {
1513         char *save_name = NULL;
1514         char **list = NULL;
1515         char **save_list = NULL;
1516         struct pipe *rpipe;
1517         int flag_rep = 0;
1518         int save_num_progs;
1519         int rcode=0, flag_skip=1;
1520         int flag_restore = 0;
1521         int if_code=0, next_if_code=0;  /* need double-buffer to handle elif */
1522         reserved_style rmode, skip_more_in_this_rmode=RES_XXXX;
1523         /* check syntax for "for" */
1524         for (rpipe = pi; rpipe; rpipe = rpipe->next) {
1525                 if ((rpipe->r_mode == RES_IN ||
1526                     rpipe->r_mode == RES_FOR) &&
1527                     (rpipe->next == NULL)) {
1528                                 syntax();
1529                                 return 1;
1530                 }
1531                 if ((rpipe->r_mode == RES_IN &&
1532                         (rpipe->next->r_mode == RES_IN &&
1533                         rpipe->next->progs->argv != NULL))||
1534                         (rpipe->r_mode == RES_FOR &&
1535                         rpipe->next->r_mode != RES_IN)) {
1536                                 syntax();
1537                                 return 1;
1538                 }
1539         }
1540         for (; pi; pi = (flag_restore != 0) ? rpipe : pi->next) {
1541                 if (pi->r_mode == RES_WHILE || pi->r_mode == RES_UNTIL ||
1542                         pi->r_mode == RES_FOR) {
1543                                 flag_restore = 0;
1544                                 if (!rpipe) {
1545                                         flag_rep = 0;
1546                                         rpipe = pi;
1547                                 }
1548                 }
1549                 rmode = pi->r_mode;
1550                 debug_printf("rmode=%d  if_code=%d  next_if_code=%d skip_more=%d\n", rmode, if_code, next_if_code, skip_more_in_this_rmode);
1551                 if (rmode == skip_more_in_this_rmode && flag_skip) {
1552                         if (pi->followup == PIPE_SEQ) flag_skip=0;
1553                         continue;
1554                 }
1555                 flag_skip = 1;
1556                 skip_more_in_this_rmode = RES_XXXX;
1557                 if (rmode == RES_THEN || rmode == RES_ELSE) if_code = next_if_code;
1558                 if (rmode == RES_THEN &&  if_code) continue;
1559                 if (rmode == RES_ELSE && !if_code) continue;
1560                 if (rmode == RES_ELIF && !if_code) break;
1561                 if (rmode == RES_FOR && pi->num_progs) {
1562                         if (!list) {
1563                                 /* if no variable values after "in" we skip "for" */
1564                                 if (!pi->next->progs->argv) continue;
1565                                 /* create list of variable values */
1566                                 list = make_list_in(pi->next->progs->argv,
1567                                         pi->progs->argv[0]);
1568                                 save_list = list;
1569                                 save_name = pi->progs->argv[0];
1570                                 pi->progs->argv[0] = NULL;
1571                                 flag_rep = 1;
1572                         }
1573                         if (!(*list)) {
1574                                 free(pi->progs->argv[0]);
1575                                 free(save_list);
1576                                 list = NULL;
1577                                 flag_rep = 0;
1578                                 pi->progs->argv[0] = save_name;
1579                                 pi->progs->glob_result.gl_pathv[0] =
1580                                         pi->progs->argv[0];
1581                                 continue;
1582                         } else {
1583                                 /* insert new value from list for variable */
1584                                 if (pi->progs->argv[0])
1585                                         free(pi->progs->argv[0]);
1586                                 pi->progs->argv[0] = *list++;
1587                                 pi->progs->glob_result.gl_pathv[0] =
1588                                         pi->progs->argv[0];
1589                         }
1590                 }
1591                 if (rmode == RES_IN) continue;
1592                 if (rmode == RES_DO) {
1593                         if (!flag_rep) continue;
1594                 }       
1595                 if ((rmode == RES_DONE)) {
1596                         if (flag_rep) {
1597                                 flag_restore = 1;
1598                         } else {
1599                                 rpipe = NULL;
1600                         }
1601                 }
1602                 if (pi->num_progs == 0) continue;
1603                 save_num_progs = pi->num_progs; /* save number of programs */
1604                 rcode = run_pipe_real(pi);
1605                 debug_printf("run_pipe_real returned %d\n",rcode);
1606                 if (rcode!=-1) {
1607                         /* We only ran a builtin: rcode was set by the return value
1608                          * of run_pipe_real(), and we don't need to wait for anything. */
1609                 } else if (pi->followup==PIPE_BG) {
1610                         /* XXX check bash's behavior with nontrivial pipes */
1611                         /* XXX compute jobid */
1612                         /* XXX what does bash do with attempts to background builtins? */
1613                         insert_bg_job(pi);
1614                         rcode = EXIT_SUCCESS;
1615                 } else {
1616                         if (interactive) {
1617                                 /* move the new process group into the foreground */
1618                                 if (tcsetpgrp(shell_terminal, pi->pgrp) && errno != ENOTTY)
1619                                         bb_perror_msg("tcsetpgrp-3");
1620                                 rcode = checkjobs(pi);
1621                                 /* move the shell to the foreground */
1622                                 if (tcsetpgrp(shell_terminal, getpgid(0)) && errno != ENOTTY)
1623                                         bb_perror_msg("tcsetpgrp-4");
1624                         } else {
1625                                 rcode = checkjobs(pi);
1626                         }
1627                         debug_printf("checkjobs returned %d\n",rcode);
1628                 }
1629                 last_return_code=rcode;
1630                 pi->num_progs = save_num_progs; /* restore number of programs */
1631                 if ( rmode == RES_IF || rmode == RES_ELIF )
1632                         next_if_code=rcode;  /* can be overwritten a number of times */
1633                 if (rmode == RES_WHILE)
1634                         flag_rep = !last_return_code;
1635                 if (rmode == RES_UNTIL)
1636                         flag_rep = last_return_code;
1637                 if ( (rcode==EXIT_SUCCESS && pi->followup==PIPE_OR) ||
1638                      (rcode!=EXIT_SUCCESS && pi->followup==PIPE_AND) )
1639                         skip_more_in_this_rmode=rmode;
1640                 checkjobs(NULL);
1641         }
1642         return rcode;
1643 }
1644
1645 /* broken, of course, but OK for testing */
1646 static char *indenter(int i)
1647 {
1648         static char blanks[]="                                    ";
1649         return &blanks[sizeof(blanks)-i-1];
1650 }
1651
1652 /* return code is the exit status of the pipe */
1653 static int free_pipe(struct pipe *pi, int indent)
1654 {
1655         char **p;
1656         struct child_prog *child;
1657         struct redir_struct *r, *rnext;
1658         int a, i, ret_code=0;
1659         char *ind = indenter(indent);
1660
1661         if (pi->stopped_progs > 0)
1662                 return ret_code;
1663         final_printf("%s run pipe: (pid %d)\n",ind,getpid());
1664         for (i=0; i<pi->num_progs; i++) {
1665                 child = &pi->progs[i];
1666                 final_printf("%s  command %d:\n",ind,i);
1667                 if (child->argv) {
1668                         for (a=0,p=child->argv; *p; a++,p++) {
1669                                 final_printf("%s   argv[%d] = %s\n",ind,a,*p);
1670                         }
1671                         globfree(&child->glob_result);
1672                         child->argv=NULL;
1673                 } else if (child->group) {
1674                         final_printf("%s   begin group (subshell:%d)\n",ind, child->subshell);
1675                         ret_code = free_pipe_list(child->group,indent+3);
1676                         final_printf("%s   end group\n",ind);
1677                 } else {
1678                         final_printf("%s   (nil)\n",ind);
1679                 }
1680                 for (r=child->redirects; r; r=rnext) {
1681                         final_printf("%s   redirect %d%s", ind, r->fd, redir_table[r->type].descrip);
1682                         if (r->dup == -1) {
1683                                 /* guard against the case >$FOO, where foo is unset or blank */
1684                                 if (r->word.gl_pathv) {
1685                                         final_printf(" %s\n", *r->word.gl_pathv);
1686                                         globfree(&r->word);
1687                                 }
1688                         } else {
1689                                 final_printf("&%d\n", r->dup);
1690                         }
1691                         rnext=r->next;
1692                         free(r);
1693                 }
1694                 child->redirects=NULL;
1695         }
1696         free(pi->progs);   /* children are an array, they get freed all at once */
1697         pi->progs=NULL;
1698         return ret_code;
1699 }
1700
1701 static int free_pipe_list(struct pipe *head, int indent)
1702 {
1703         int rcode=0;   /* if list has no members */
1704         struct pipe *pi, *next;
1705         char *ind = indenter(indent);
1706         for (pi=head; pi; pi=next) {
1707                 final_printf("%s pipe reserved mode %d\n", ind, pi->r_mode);
1708                 rcode = free_pipe(pi, indent);
1709                 final_printf("%s pipe followup code %d\n", ind, pi->followup);
1710                 next=pi->next;
1711                 pi->next=NULL;
1712                 free(pi);
1713         }
1714         return rcode;
1715 }
1716
1717 /* Select which version we will use */
1718 static int run_list(struct pipe *pi)
1719 {
1720         int rcode=0;
1721         if (fake_mode==0) {
1722                 rcode = run_list_real(pi);
1723         }
1724         /* free_pipe_list has the side effect of clearing memory
1725          * In the long run that function can be merged with run_list_real,
1726          * but doing that now would hobble the debugging effort. */
1727         free_pipe_list(pi,0);
1728         return rcode;
1729 }
1730
1731 /* The API for glob is arguably broken.  This routine pushes a non-matching
1732  * string into the output structure, removing non-backslashed backslashes.
1733  * If someone can prove me wrong, by performing this function within the
1734  * original glob(3) api, feel free to rewrite this routine into oblivion.
1735  * Return code (0 vs. GLOB_NOSPACE) matches glob(3).
1736  * XXX broken if the last character is '\\', check that before calling.
1737  */
1738 static int globhack(const char *src, int flags, glob_t *pglob)
1739 {
1740         int cnt=0, pathc;
1741         const char *s;
1742         char *dest;
1743         for (cnt=1, s=src; s && *s; s++) {
1744                 if (*s == '\\') s++;
1745                 cnt++;
1746         }
1747         dest = malloc(cnt);
1748         if (!dest) return GLOB_NOSPACE;
1749         if (!(flags & GLOB_APPEND)) {
1750                 pglob->gl_pathv=NULL;
1751                 pglob->gl_pathc=0;
1752                 pglob->gl_offs=0;
1753                 pglob->gl_offs=0;
1754         }
1755         pathc = ++pglob->gl_pathc;
1756         pglob->gl_pathv = realloc(pglob->gl_pathv, (pathc+1)*sizeof(*pglob->gl_pathv));
1757         if (pglob->gl_pathv == NULL) return GLOB_NOSPACE;
1758         pglob->gl_pathv[pathc-1]=dest;
1759         pglob->gl_pathv[pathc]=NULL;
1760         for (s=src; s && *s; s++, dest++) {
1761                 if (*s == '\\') s++;
1762                 *dest = *s;
1763         }
1764         *dest='\0';
1765         return 0;
1766 }
1767
1768 /* XXX broken if the last character is '\\', check that before calling */
1769 static int glob_needed(const char *s)
1770 {
1771         for (; *s; s++) {
1772                 if (*s == '\\') s++;
1773                 if (strchr("*[?",*s)) return 1;
1774         }
1775         return 0;
1776 }
1777
1778 #if 0
1779 static void globprint(glob_t *pglob)
1780 {
1781         int i;
1782         debug_printf("glob_t at %p:\n", pglob);
1783         debug_printf("  gl_pathc=%d  gl_pathv=%p  gl_offs=%d  gl_flags=%d\n",
1784                 pglob->gl_pathc, pglob->gl_pathv, pglob->gl_offs, pglob->gl_flags);
1785         for (i=0; i<pglob->gl_pathc; i++)
1786                 debug_printf("pglob->gl_pathv[%d] = %p = %s\n", i,
1787                         pglob->gl_pathv[i], pglob->gl_pathv[i]);
1788 }
1789 #endif
1790
1791 static int xglob(o_string *dest, int flags, glob_t *pglob)
1792 {
1793         int gr;
1794
1795         /* short-circuit for null word */
1796         /* we can code this better when the debug_printf's are gone */
1797         if (dest->length == 0) {
1798                 if (dest->nonnull) {
1799                         /* bash man page calls this an "explicit" null */
1800                         gr = globhack(dest->data, flags, pglob);
1801                         debug_printf("globhack returned %d\n",gr);
1802                 } else {
1803                         return 0;
1804                 }
1805         } else if (glob_needed(dest->data)) {
1806                 gr = glob(dest->data, flags, NULL, pglob);
1807                 debug_printf("glob returned %d\n",gr);
1808                 if (gr == GLOB_NOMATCH) {
1809                         /* quote removal, or more accurately, backslash removal */
1810                         gr = globhack(dest->data, flags, pglob);
1811                         debug_printf("globhack returned %d\n",gr);
1812                 }
1813         } else {
1814                 gr = globhack(dest->data, flags, pglob);
1815                 debug_printf("globhack returned %d\n",gr);
1816         }
1817         if (gr == GLOB_NOSPACE)
1818                 bb_error_msg_and_die("out of memory during glob");
1819         if (gr != 0) { /* GLOB_ABORTED ? */
1820                 bb_error_msg("glob(3) error %d",gr);
1821         }
1822         /* globprint(glob_target); */
1823         return gr;
1824 }
1825
1826 /* This is used to get/check local shell variables */
1827 static char *get_local_var(const char *s)
1828 {
1829         struct variables *cur;
1830
1831         if (!s)
1832                 return NULL;
1833         for (cur = top_vars; cur; cur=cur->next)
1834                 if(strcmp(cur->name, s)==0)
1835                         return cur->value;
1836         return NULL;
1837 }
1838
1839 /* This is used to set local shell variables
1840    flg_export==0 if only local (not exporting) variable
1841    flg_export==1 if "new" exporting environ
1842    flg_export>1  if current startup environ (not call putenv()) */
1843 static int set_local_var(const char *s, int flg_export)
1844 {
1845         char *name, *value;
1846         int result=0;
1847         struct variables *cur;
1848
1849         name=strdup(s);
1850
1851         /* Assume when we enter this function that we are already in
1852          * NAME=VALUE format.  So the first order of business is to
1853          * split 's' on the '=' into 'name' and 'value' */
1854         value = strchr(name, '=');
1855         if (value==0 && ++value==0) {
1856                 free(name);
1857                 return -1;
1858         }
1859         *value++ = 0;
1860
1861         for(cur = top_vars; cur; cur = cur->next) {
1862                 if(strcmp(cur->name, name)==0)
1863                         break;
1864         }
1865
1866         if(cur) {
1867                 if(strcmp(cur->value, value)==0) {
1868                         if(flg_export>0 && cur->flg_export==0)
1869                                 cur->flg_export=flg_export;
1870                         else
1871                                 result++;
1872                 } else {
1873                         if(cur->flg_read_only) {
1874                                 bb_error_msg("%s: readonly variable", name);
1875                                 result = -1;
1876                         } else {
1877                                 if(flg_export>0 || cur->flg_export>1)
1878                                         cur->flg_export=1;
1879                                 free(cur->value);
1880
1881                                 cur->value = strdup(value);
1882                         }
1883                 }
1884         } else {
1885                 cur = malloc(sizeof(struct variables));
1886                 if(!cur) {
1887                         result = -1;
1888                 } else {
1889                         cur->name = strdup(name);
1890                         if(cur->name == 0) {
1891                                 free(cur);
1892                                 result = -1;
1893                         } else {
1894                                 struct variables *bottom = top_vars;
1895                                 cur->value = strdup(value);
1896                                 cur->next = 0;
1897                                 cur->flg_export = flg_export;
1898                                 cur->flg_read_only = 0;
1899                                 while(bottom->next) bottom=bottom->next;
1900                                 bottom->next = cur;
1901                         }
1902                 }
1903         }
1904
1905         if(result==0 && cur->flg_export==1) {
1906                 *(value-1) = '=';
1907                 result = putenv(name);
1908         } else {
1909                 free(name);
1910                 if(result>0)            /* equivalent to previous set */
1911                         result = 0;
1912         }
1913         return result;
1914 }
1915
1916 static void unset_local_var(const char *name)
1917 {
1918         struct variables *cur;
1919
1920         if (name) {
1921                 for (cur = top_vars; cur; cur=cur->next) {
1922                         if(strcmp(cur->name, name)==0)
1923                                 break;
1924                 }
1925                 if(cur!=0) {
1926                         struct variables *next = top_vars;
1927                         if(cur->flg_read_only) {
1928                                 bb_error_msg("%s: readonly variable", name);
1929                                 return;
1930                         } else {
1931                                 if(cur->flg_export)
1932                                         unsetenv(cur->name);
1933                                 free(cur->name);
1934                                 free(cur->value);
1935                                 while (next->next != cur)
1936                                         next = next->next;
1937                                 next->next = cur->next;
1938                         }
1939                         free(cur);
1940                 }
1941         }
1942 }
1943
1944 static int is_assignment(const char *s)
1945 {
1946         if (s==NULL || !isalpha(*s)) return 0;
1947         ++s;
1948         while(isalnum(*s) || *s=='_') ++s;
1949         return *s=='=';
1950 }
1951
1952 /* the src parameter allows us to peek forward to a possible &n syntax
1953  * for file descriptor duplication, e.g., "2>&1".
1954  * Return code is 0 normally, 1 if a syntax error is detected in src.
1955  * Resource errors (in xmalloc) cause the process to exit */
1956 static int setup_redirect(struct p_context *ctx, int fd, redir_type style,
1957         struct in_str *input)
1958 {
1959         struct child_prog *child=ctx->child;
1960         struct redir_struct *redir = child->redirects;
1961         struct redir_struct *last_redir=NULL;
1962
1963         /* Create a new redir_struct and drop it onto the end of the linked list */
1964         while(redir) {
1965                 last_redir=redir;
1966                 redir=redir->next;
1967         }
1968         redir = xmalloc(sizeof(struct redir_struct));
1969         redir->next=NULL;
1970         redir->word.gl_pathv=NULL;
1971         if (last_redir) {
1972                 last_redir->next=redir;
1973         } else {
1974                 child->redirects=redir;
1975         }
1976
1977         redir->type=style;
1978         redir->fd= (fd==-1) ? redir_table[style].default_fd : fd ;
1979
1980         debug_printf("Redirect type %d%s\n", redir->fd, redir_table[style].descrip);
1981
1982         /* Check for a '2>&1' type redirect */
1983         redir->dup = redirect_dup_num(input);
1984         if (redir->dup == -2) return 1;  /* syntax error */
1985         if (redir->dup != -1) {
1986                 /* Erik had a check here that the file descriptor in question
1987                  * is legit; I postpone that to "run time"
1988                  * A "-" representation of "close me" shows up as a -3 here */
1989                 debug_printf("Duplicating redirect '%d>&%d'\n", redir->fd, redir->dup);
1990         } else {
1991                 /* We do _not_ try to open the file that src points to,
1992                  * since we need to return and let src be expanded first.
1993                  * Set ctx->pending_redirect, so we know what to do at the
1994                  * end of the next parsed word.
1995                  */
1996                 ctx->pending_redirect = redir;
1997         }
1998         return 0;
1999 }
2000
2001 struct pipe *new_pipe(void) {
2002         struct pipe *pi;
2003         pi = xmalloc(sizeof(struct pipe));
2004         pi->num_progs = 0;
2005         pi->progs = NULL;
2006         pi->next = NULL;
2007         pi->followup = 0;  /* invalid */
2008         return pi;
2009 }
2010
2011 static void initialize_context(struct p_context *ctx)
2012 {
2013         ctx->pipe=NULL;
2014         ctx->pending_redirect=NULL;
2015         ctx->child=NULL;
2016         ctx->list_head=new_pipe();
2017         ctx->pipe=ctx->list_head;
2018         ctx->w=RES_NONE;
2019         ctx->stack=NULL;
2020         ctx->old_flag=0;
2021         done_command(ctx);   /* creates the memory for working child */
2022 }
2023
2024 /* normal return is 0
2025  * if a reserved word is found, and processed, return 1
2026  * should handle if, then, elif, else, fi, for, while, until, do, done.
2027  * case, function, and select are obnoxious, save those for later.
2028  */
2029 int reserved_word(o_string *dest, struct p_context *ctx)
2030 {
2031         struct reserved_combo {
2032                 char *literal;
2033                 int code;
2034                 long flag;
2035         };
2036         /* Mostly a list of accepted follow-up reserved words.
2037          * FLAG_END means we are done with the sequence, and are ready
2038          * to turn the compound list into a command.
2039          * FLAG_START means the word must start a new compound list.
2040          */
2041         static struct reserved_combo reserved_list[] = {
2042                 { "if",    RES_IF,    FLAG_THEN | FLAG_START },
2043                 { "then",  RES_THEN,  FLAG_ELIF | FLAG_ELSE | FLAG_FI },
2044                 { "elif",  RES_ELIF,  FLAG_THEN },
2045                 { "else",  RES_ELSE,  FLAG_FI   },
2046                 { "fi",    RES_FI,    FLAG_END  },
2047                 { "for",   RES_FOR,   FLAG_IN   | FLAG_START },
2048                 { "while", RES_WHILE, FLAG_DO   | FLAG_START },
2049                 { "until", RES_UNTIL, FLAG_DO   | FLAG_START },
2050                 { "in",    RES_IN,    FLAG_DO   },
2051                 { "do",    RES_DO,    FLAG_DONE },
2052                 { "done",  RES_DONE,  FLAG_END  }
2053         };
2054         struct reserved_combo *r;
2055         for (r=reserved_list;
2056 #define NRES sizeof(reserved_list)/sizeof(struct reserved_combo)
2057                 r<reserved_list+NRES; r++) {
2058                 if (strcmp(dest->data, r->literal) == 0) {
2059                         debug_printf("found reserved word %s, code %d\n",r->literal,r->code);
2060                         if (r->flag & FLAG_START) {
2061                                 struct p_context *new = xmalloc(sizeof(struct p_context));
2062                                 debug_printf("push stack\n");
2063                                 if (ctx->w == RES_IN || ctx->w == RES_FOR) {
2064                                         syntax();
2065                                         free(new);
2066                                         ctx->w = RES_SNTX;
2067                                         b_reset(dest);
2068                                         return 1;
2069                                 }
2070                                 *new = *ctx;   /* physical copy */
2071                                 initialize_context(ctx);
2072                                 ctx->stack=new;
2073                         } else if ( ctx->w == RES_NONE || ! (ctx->old_flag & (1<<r->code))) {
2074                                 syntax();
2075                                 ctx->w = RES_SNTX;
2076                                 b_reset(dest);
2077                                 return 1;
2078                         }
2079                         ctx->w=r->code;
2080                         ctx->old_flag = r->flag;
2081                         if (ctx->old_flag & FLAG_END) {
2082                                 struct p_context *old;
2083                                 debug_printf("pop stack\n");
2084                                 done_pipe(ctx,PIPE_SEQ);
2085                                 old = ctx->stack;
2086                                 old->child->group = ctx->list_head;
2087                                 old->child->subshell = 0;
2088                                 *ctx = *old;   /* physical copy */
2089                                 free(old);
2090                         }
2091                         b_reset (dest);
2092                         return 1;
2093                 }
2094         }
2095         return 0;
2096 }
2097
2098 /* normal return is 0.
2099  * Syntax or xglob errors return 1. */
2100 static int done_word(o_string *dest, struct p_context *ctx)
2101 {
2102         struct child_prog *child=ctx->child;
2103         glob_t *glob_target;
2104         int gr, flags = 0;
2105
2106         debug_printf("done_word: %s %p\n", dest->data, child);
2107         if (dest->length == 0 && !dest->nonnull) {
2108                 debug_printf("  true null, ignored\n");
2109                 return 0;
2110         }
2111         if (ctx->pending_redirect) {
2112                 glob_target = &ctx->pending_redirect->word;
2113         } else {
2114                 if (child->group) {
2115                         syntax();
2116                         return 1;  /* syntax error, groups and arglists don't mix */
2117                 }
2118                 if (!child->argv && (ctx->type & FLAG_PARSE_SEMICOLON)) {
2119                         debug_printf("checking %s for reserved-ness\n",dest->data);
2120                         if (reserved_word(dest,ctx)) return ctx->w==RES_SNTX;
2121                 }
2122                 glob_target = &child->glob_result;
2123                 if (child->argv) flags |= GLOB_APPEND;
2124         }
2125         gr = xglob(dest, flags, glob_target);
2126         if (gr != 0) return 1;
2127
2128         b_reset(dest);
2129         if (ctx->pending_redirect) {
2130                 ctx->pending_redirect=NULL;
2131                 if (glob_target->gl_pathc != 1) {
2132                         bb_error_msg("ambiguous redirect");
2133                         return 1;
2134                 }
2135         } else {
2136                 child->argv = glob_target->gl_pathv;
2137         }
2138         if (ctx->w == RES_FOR) {
2139                 done_word(dest,ctx);
2140                 done_pipe(ctx,PIPE_SEQ);
2141         }
2142         return 0;
2143 }
2144
2145 /* The only possible error here is out of memory, in which case
2146  * xmalloc exits. */
2147 static int done_command(struct p_context *ctx)
2148 {
2149         /* The child is really already in the pipe structure, so
2150          * advance the pipe counter and make a new, null child.
2151          * Only real trickiness here is that the uncommitted
2152          * child structure, to which ctx->child points, is not
2153          * counted in pi->num_progs. */
2154         struct pipe *pi=ctx->pipe;
2155         struct child_prog *prog=ctx->child;
2156
2157         if (prog && prog->group == NULL
2158                  && prog->argv == NULL
2159                  && prog->redirects == NULL) {
2160                 debug_printf("done_command: skipping null command\n");
2161                 return 0;
2162         } else if (prog) {
2163                 pi->num_progs++;
2164                 debug_printf("done_command: num_progs incremented to %d\n",pi->num_progs);
2165         } else {
2166                 debug_printf("done_command: initializing\n");
2167         }
2168         pi->progs = xrealloc(pi->progs, sizeof(*pi->progs) * (pi->num_progs+1));
2169
2170         prog = pi->progs + pi->num_progs;
2171         prog->redirects = NULL;
2172         prog->argv = NULL;
2173         prog->is_stopped = 0;
2174         prog->group = NULL;
2175         prog->glob_result.gl_pathv = NULL;
2176         prog->family = pi;
2177         prog->sp = 0;
2178         ctx->child = prog;
2179         prog->type = ctx->type;
2180
2181         /* but ctx->pipe and ctx->list_head remain unchanged */
2182         return 0;
2183 }
2184
2185 static int done_pipe(struct p_context *ctx, pipe_style type)
2186 {
2187         struct pipe *new_p;
2188         done_command(ctx);  /* implicit closure of previous command */
2189         debug_printf("done_pipe, type %d\n", type);
2190         ctx->pipe->followup = type;
2191         ctx->pipe->r_mode = ctx->w;
2192         new_p=new_pipe();
2193         ctx->pipe->next = new_p;
2194         ctx->pipe = new_p;
2195         ctx->child = NULL;
2196         done_command(ctx);  /* set up new pipe to accept commands */
2197         return 0;
2198 }
2199
2200 /* peek ahead in the in_str to find out if we have a "&n" construct,
2201  * as in "2>&1", that represents duplicating a file descriptor.
2202  * returns either -2 (syntax error), -1 (no &), or the number found.
2203  */
2204 static int redirect_dup_num(struct in_str *input)
2205 {
2206         int ch, d=0, ok=0;
2207         ch = b_peek(input);
2208         if (ch != '&') return -1;
2209
2210         b_getch(input);  /* get the & */
2211         ch=b_peek(input);
2212         if (ch == '-') {
2213                 b_getch(input);
2214                 return -3;  /* "-" represents "close me" */
2215         }
2216         while (isdigit(ch)) {
2217                 d = d*10+(ch-'0');
2218                 ok=1;
2219                 b_getch(input);
2220                 ch = b_peek(input);
2221         }
2222         if (ok) return d;
2223
2224         bb_error_msg("ambiguous redirect");
2225         return -2;
2226 }
2227
2228 /* If a redirect is immediately preceded by a number, that number is
2229  * supposed to tell which file descriptor to redirect.  This routine
2230  * looks for such preceding numbers.  In an ideal world this routine
2231  * needs to handle all the following classes of redirects...
2232  *     echo 2>foo     # redirects fd  2 to file "foo", nothing passed to echo
2233  *     echo 49>foo    # redirects fd 49 to file "foo", nothing passed to echo
2234  *     echo -2>foo    # redirects fd  1 to file "foo",    "-2" passed to echo
2235  *     echo 49x>foo   # redirects fd  1 to file "foo",   "49x" passed to echo
2236  * A -1 output from this program means no valid number was found, so the
2237  * caller should use the appropriate default for this redirection.
2238  */
2239 static int redirect_opt_num(o_string *o)
2240 {
2241         int num;
2242
2243         if (o->length==0) return -1;
2244         for(num=0; num<o->length; num++) {
2245                 if (!isdigit(*(o->data+num))) {
2246                         return -1;
2247                 }
2248         }
2249         /* reuse num (and save an int) */
2250         num=atoi(o->data);
2251         b_reset(o);
2252         return num;
2253 }
2254
2255 FILE *generate_stream_from_list(struct pipe *head)
2256 {
2257         FILE *pf;
2258 #if 1
2259         int pid, channel[2];
2260         if (pipe(channel)<0) bb_perror_msg_and_die("pipe");
2261 #if !defined(__UCLIBC__) || defined(__ARCH_HAS_MMU__)
2262         pid=fork();
2263 #else
2264         pid=vfork();
2265 #endif
2266         if (pid<0) {
2267                 bb_perror_msg_and_die("fork");
2268         } else if (pid==0) {
2269                 close(channel[0]);
2270                 if (channel[1] != 1) {
2271                         dup2(channel[1],1);
2272                         close(channel[1]);
2273                 }
2274 #if 0
2275 #define SURROGATE "surrogate response"
2276                 write(1,SURROGATE,sizeof(SURROGATE));
2277                 _exit(run_list(head));
2278 #else
2279                 _exit(run_list_real(head));   /* leaks memory */
2280 #endif
2281         }
2282         debug_printf("forked child %d\n",pid);
2283         close(channel[1]);
2284         pf = fdopen(channel[0],"r");
2285         debug_printf("pipe on FILE *%p\n",pf);
2286 #else
2287         free_pipe_list(head,0);
2288         pf=popen("echo surrogate response","r");
2289         debug_printf("started fake pipe on FILE *%p\n",pf);
2290 #endif
2291         return pf;
2292 }
2293
2294 /* this version hacked for testing purposes */
2295 /* return code is exit status of the process that is run. */
2296 static int process_command_subs(o_string *dest, struct p_context *ctx, struct in_str *input, int subst_end)
2297 {
2298         int retcode;
2299         o_string result=NULL_O_STRING;
2300         struct p_context inner;
2301         FILE *p;
2302         struct in_str pipe_str;
2303         initialize_context(&inner);
2304
2305         /* recursion to generate command */
2306         retcode = parse_stream(&result, &inner, input, subst_end);
2307         if (retcode != 0) return retcode;  /* syntax error or EOF */
2308         done_word(&result, &inner);
2309         done_pipe(&inner, PIPE_SEQ);
2310         b_free(&result);
2311
2312         p=generate_stream_from_list(inner.list_head);
2313         if (p==NULL) return 1;
2314         mark_open(fileno(p));
2315         setup_file_in_str(&pipe_str, p);
2316
2317         /* now send results of command back into original context */
2318         retcode = parse_stream(dest, ctx, &pipe_str, '\0');
2319         /* XXX In case of a syntax error, should we try to kill the child?
2320          * That would be tough to do right, so just read until EOF. */
2321         if (retcode == 1) {
2322                 while (b_getch(&pipe_str)!=EOF) { /* discard */ };
2323         }
2324
2325         debug_printf("done reading from pipe, pclose()ing\n");
2326         /* This is the step that wait()s for the child.  Should be pretty
2327          * safe, since we just read an EOF from its stdout.  We could try
2328          * to better, by using wait(), and keeping track of background jobs
2329          * at the same time.  That would be a lot of work, and contrary
2330          * to the KISS philosophy of this program. */
2331         mark_closed(fileno(p));
2332         retcode=pclose(p);
2333         free_pipe_list(inner.list_head,0);
2334         debug_printf("pclosed, retcode=%d\n",retcode);
2335         /* XXX this process fails to trim a single trailing newline */
2336         return retcode;
2337 }
2338
2339 static int parse_group(o_string *dest, struct p_context *ctx,
2340         struct in_str *input, int ch)
2341 {
2342         int rcode, endch=0;
2343         struct p_context sub;
2344         struct child_prog *child = ctx->child;
2345         if (child->argv) {
2346                 syntax();
2347                 return 1;  /* syntax error, groups and arglists don't mix */
2348         }
2349         initialize_context(&sub);
2350         switch(ch) {
2351                 case '(': endch=')'; child->subshell=1; break;
2352                 case '{': endch='}'; break;
2353                 default: syntax();   /* really logic error */
2354         }
2355         rcode=parse_stream(dest,&sub,input,endch);
2356         done_word(dest,&sub); /* finish off the final word in the subcontext */
2357         done_pipe(&sub, PIPE_SEQ);  /* and the final command there, too */
2358         child->group = sub.list_head;
2359         return rcode;
2360         /* child remains "open", available for possible redirects */
2361 }
2362
2363 /* basically useful version until someone wants to get fancier,
2364  * see the bash man page under "Parameter Expansion" */
2365 static char *lookup_param(char *src)
2366 {
2367         char *p=NULL;
2368         if (src) {
2369                 p = getenv(src);
2370                 if (!p)
2371                         p = get_local_var(src);
2372         }
2373         return p;
2374 }
2375
2376 /* return code: 0 for OK, 1 for syntax error */
2377 static int handle_dollar(o_string *dest, struct p_context *ctx, struct in_str *input)
2378 {
2379         int i, advance=0;
2380         char sep[]=" ";
2381         int ch = input->peek(input);  /* first character after the $ */
2382         debug_printf("handle_dollar: ch=%c\n",ch);
2383         if (isalpha(ch)) {
2384                 b_addchr(dest, SPECIAL_VAR_SYMBOL);
2385                 ctx->child->sp++;
2386                 while(ch=b_peek(input),isalnum(ch) || ch=='_') {
2387                         b_getch(input);
2388                         b_addchr(dest,ch);
2389                 }
2390                 b_addchr(dest, SPECIAL_VAR_SYMBOL);
2391         } else if (isdigit(ch)) {
2392                 i = ch-'0';  /* XXX is $0 special? */
2393                 if (i<global_argc) {
2394                         parse_string(dest, ctx, global_argv[i]); /* recursion */
2395                 }
2396                 advance = 1;
2397         } else switch (ch) {
2398                 case '$':
2399                         b_adduint(dest,getpid());
2400                         advance = 1;
2401                         break;
2402                 case '!':
2403                         if (last_bg_pid > 0) b_adduint(dest, last_bg_pid);
2404                         advance = 1;
2405                         break;
2406                 case '?':
2407                         b_adduint(dest,last_return_code);
2408                         advance = 1;
2409                         break;
2410                 case '#':
2411                         b_adduint(dest,global_argc ? global_argc-1 : 0);
2412                         advance = 1;
2413                         break;
2414                 case '{':
2415                         b_addchr(dest, SPECIAL_VAR_SYMBOL);
2416                         ctx->child->sp++;
2417                         b_getch(input);
2418                         /* XXX maybe someone will try to escape the '}' */
2419                         while(ch=b_getch(input),ch!=EOF && ch!='}') {
2420                                 b_addchr(dest,ch);
2421                         }
2422                         if (ch != '}') {
2423                                 syntax();
2424                                 return 1;
2425                         }
2426                         b_addchr(dest, SPECIAL_VAR_SYMBOL);
2427                         break;
2428                 case '(':
2429                         b_getch(input);
2430                         process_command_subs(dest, ctx, input, ')');
2431                         break;
2432                 case '*':
2433                         sep[0]=ifs[0];
2434                         for (i=1; i<global_argc; i++) {
2435                                 parse_string(dest, ctx, global_argv[i]);
2436                                 if (i+1 < global_argc) parse_string(dest, ctx, sep);
2437                         }
2438                         break;
2439                 case '@':
2440                 case '-':
2441                 case '_':
2442                         /* still unhandled, but should be eventually */
2443                         bb_error_msg("unhandled syntax: $%c",ch);
2444                         return 1;
2445                         break;
2446                 default:
2447                         b_addqchr(dest,'$',dest->quote);
2448         }
2449         /* Eat the character if the flag was set.  If the compiler
2450          * is smart enough, we could substitute "b_getch(input);"
2451          * for all the "advance = 1;" above, and also end up with
2452          * a nice size-optimized program.  Hah!  That'll be the day.
2453          */
2454         if (advance) b_getch(input);
2455         return 0;
2456 }
2457
2458 int parse_string(o_string *dest, struct p_context *ctx, const char *src)
2459 {
2460         struct in_str foo;
2461         setup_string_in_str(&foo, src);
2462         return parse_stream(dest, ctx, &foo, '\0');
2463 }
2464
2465 /* return code is 0 for normal exit, 1 for syntax error */
2466 int parse_stream(o_string *dest, struct p_context *ctx,
2467         struct in_str *input, int end_trigger)
2468 {
2469         unsigned int ch, m;
2470         int redir_fd;
2471         redir_type redir_style;
2472         int next;
2473
2474         /* Only double-quote state is handled in the state variable dest->quote.
2475          * A single-quote triggers a bypass of the main loop until its mate is
2476          * found.  When recursing, quote state is passed in via dest->quote. */
2477
2478         debug_printf("parse_stream, end_trigger=%d\n",end_trigger);
2479         while ((ch=b_getch(input))!=EOF) {
2480                 m = map[ch];
2481                 next = (ch == '\n') ? 0 : b_peek(input);
2482                 debug_printf("parse_stream: ch=%c (%d) m=%d quote=%d\n",
2483                         ch,ch,m,dest->quote);
2484                 if (m==0 || ((m==1 || m==2) && dest->quote)) {
2485                         b_addqchr(dest, ch, dest->quote);
2486                 } else {
2487                         if (m==2) {  /* unquoted IFS */
2488                                 if (done_word(dest, ctx)) {
2489                                         return 1;
2490                                 }
2491                                 /* If we aren't performing a substitution, treat a newline as a
2492                                  * command separator.  */
2493                                 if (end_trigger != '\0' && ch=='\n')
2494                                         done_pipe(ctx,PIPE_SEQ);
2495                         }
2496                         if (ch == end_trigger && !dest->quote && ctx->w==RES_NONE) {
2497                                 debug_printf("leaving parse_stream (triggered)\n");
2498                                 return 0;
2499                         }
2500 #if 0
2501                         if (ch=='\n') {
2502                                 /* Yahoo!  Time to run with it! */
2503                                 done_pipe(ctx,PIPE_SEQ);
2504                                 run_list(ctx->list_head);
2505                                 initialize_context(ctx);
2506                         }
2507 #endif
2508                         if (m!=2) switch (ch) {
2509                 case '#':
2510                         if (dest->length == 0 && !dest->quote) {
2511                                 while(ch=b_peek(input),ch!=EOF && ch!='\n') { b_getch(input); }
2512                         } else {
2513                                 b_addqchr(dest, ch, dest->quote);
2514                         }
2515                         break;
2516                 case '\\':
2517                         if (next == EOF) {
2518                                 syntax();
2519                                 return 1;
2520                         }
2521                         b_addqchr(dest, '\\', dest->quote);
2522                         b_addqchr(dest, b_getch(input), dest->quote);
2523                         break;
2524                 case '$':
2525                         if (handle_dollar(dest, ctx, input)!=0) return 1;
2526                         break;
2527                 case '\'':
2528                         dest->nonnull = 1;
2529                         while(ch=b_getch(input),ch!=EOF && ch!='\'') {
2530                                 b_addchr(dest,ch);
2531                         }
2532                         if (ch==EOF) {
2533                                 syntax();
2534                                 return 1;
2535                         }
2536                         break;
2537                 case '"':
2538                         dest->nonnull = 1;
2539                         dest->quote = !dest->quote;
2540                         break;
2541                 case '`':
2542                         process_command_subs(dest, ctx, input, '`');
2543                         break;
2544                 case '>':
2545                         redir_fd = redirect_opt_num(dest);
2546                         done_word(dest, ctx);
2547                         redir_style=REDIRECT_OVERWRITE;
2548                         if (next == '>') {
2549                                 redir_style=REDIRECT_APPEND;
2550                                 b_getch(input);
2551                         } else if (next == '(') {
2552                                 syntax();   /* until we support >(list) Process Substitution */
2553                                 return 1;
2554                         }
2555                         setup_redirect(ctx, redir_fd, redir_style, input);
2556                         break;
2557                 case '<':
2558                         redir_fd = redirect_opt_num(dest);
2559                         done_word(dest, ctx);
2560                         redir_style=REDIRECT_INPUT;
2561                         if (next == '<') {
2562                                 redir_style=REDIRECT_HEREIS;
2563                                 b_getch(input);
2564                         } else if (next == '>') {
2565                                 redir_style=REDIRECT_IO;
2566                                 b_getch(input);
2567                         } else if (next == '(') {
2568                                 syntax();   /* until we support <(list) Process Substitution */
2569                                 return 1;
2570                         }
2571                         setup_redirect(ctx, redir_fd, redir_style, input);
2572                         break;
2573                 case ';':
2574                         done_word(dest, ctx);
2575                         done_pipe(ctx,PIPE_SEQ);
2576                         break;
2577                 case '&':
2578                         done_word(dest, ctx);
2579                         if (next=='&') {
2580                                 b_getch(input);
2581                                 done_pipe(ctx,PIPE_AND);
2582                         } else {
2583                                 done_pipe(ctx,PIPE_BG);
2584                         }
2585                         break;
2586                 case '|':
2587                         done_word(dest, ctx);
2588                         if (next=='|') {
2589                                 b_getch(input);
2590                                 done_pipe(ctx,PIPE_OR);
2591                         } else {
2592                                 /* we could pick up a file descriptor choice here
2593                                  * with redirect_opt_num(), but bash doesn't do it.
2594                                  * "echo foo 2| cat" yields "foo 2". */
2595                                 done_command(ctx);
2596                         }
2597                         break;
2598                 case '(':
2599                 case '{':
2600                         if (parse_group(dest, ctx, input, ch)!=0) return 1;
2601                         break;
2602                 case ')':
2603                 case '}':
2604                         syntax();   /* Proper use of this character caught by end_trigger */
2605                         return 1;
2606                         break;
2607                 default:
2608                         syntax();   /* this is really an internal logic error */
2609                         return 1;
2610                         }
2611                 }
2612         }
2613         /* complain if quote?  No, maybe we just finished a command substitution
2614          * that was quoted.  Example:
2615          * $ echo "`cat foo` plus more"
2616          * and we just got the EOF generated by the subshell that ran "cat foo"
2617          * The only real complaint is if we got an EOF when end_trigger != '\0',
2618          * that is, we were really supposed to get end_trigger, and never got
2619          * one before the EOF.  Can't use the standard "syntax error" return code,
2620          * so that parse_stream_outer can distinguish the EOF and exit smoothly. */
2621         debug_printf("leaving parse_stream (EOF)\n");
2622         if (end_trigger != '\0') return -1;
2623         return 0;
2624 }
2625
2626 void mapset(const unsigned char *set, int code)
2627 {
2628         const unsigned char *s;
2629         for (s=set; *s; s++) map[*s] = code;
2630 }
2631
2632 void update_ifs_map(void)
2633 {
2634         /* char *ifs and char map[256] are both globals. */
2635         ifs = getenv("IFS");
2636         if (ifs == NULL) ifs=" \t\n";
2637         /* Precompute a list of 'flow through' behavior so it can be treated
2638          * quickly up front.  Computation is necessary because of IFS.
2639          * Special case handling of IFS == " \t\n" is not implemented.
2640          * The map[] array only really needs two bits each, and on most machines
2641          * that would be faster because of the reduced L1 cache footprint.
2642          */
2643         memset(map,0,sizeof(map)); /* most characters flow through always */
2644         mapset("\\$'\"`", 3);      /* never flow through */
2645         mapset("<>;&|(){}#", 1);   /* flow through if quoted */
2646         mapset(ifs, 2);            /* also flow through if quoted */
2647 }
2648
2649 /* most recursion does not come through here, the exception is
2650  * from builtin_source() */
2651 int parse_stream_outer(struct in_str *inp, int flag)
2652 {
2653
2654         struct p_context ctx;
2655         o_string temp=NULL_O_STRING;
2656         int rcode;
2657         do {
2658                 ctx.type = flag;
2659                 initialize_context(&ctx);
2660                 update_ifs_map();
2661                 if (!(flag & FLAG_PARSE_SEMICOLON) || (flag & FLAG_REPARSING)) mapset(";$&|", 0);
2662                 inp->promptmode=1;
2663                 rcode = parse_stream(&temp, &ctx, inp, '\n');
2664                 if (rcode != 1 && ctx.old_flag != 0) {
2665                         syntax();
2666                 }
2667                 if (rcode != 1 && ctx.old_flag == 0) {
2668                         done_word(&temp, &ctx);
2669                         done_pipe(&ctx,PIPE_SEQ);
2670                         run_list(ctx.list_head);
2671                 } else {
2672                         if (ctx.old_flag != 0) {
2673                                 free(ctx.stack);
2674                                 b_reset(&temp);
2675                         }
2676                         temp.nonnull = 0;
2677                         temp.quote = 0;
2678                         inp->p = NULL;
2679                         free_pipe_list(ctx.list_head,0);
2680                 }
2681                 b_free(&temp);
2682         } while (rcode != -1 && !(flag & FLAG_EXIT_FROM_LOOP));   /* loop on syntax errors, return on EOF */
2683         return 0;
2684 }
2685
2686 static int parse_string_outer(const char *s, int flag)
2687 {
2688         struct in_str input;
2689         setup_string_in_str(&input, s);
2690         return parse_stream_outer(&input, flag);
2691 }
2692
2693 static int parse_file_outer(FILE *f)
2694 {
2695         int rcode;
2696         struct in_str input;
2697         setup_file_in_str(&input, f);
2698         rcode = parse_stream_outer(&input, FLAG_PARSE_SEMICOLON);
2699         return rcode;
2700 }
2701
2702 /* Make sure we have a controlling tty.  If we get started under a job
2703  * aware app (like bash for example), make sure we are now in charge so
2704  * we don't fight over who gets the foreground */
2705 static void setup_job_control(void)
2706 {
2707         static pid_t shell_pgrp;
2708         /* Loop until we are in the foreground.  */
2709         while (tcgetpgrp (shell_terminal) != (shell_pgrp = getpgrp ()))
2710                 kill (- shell_pgrp, SIGTTIN);
2711
2712         /* Ignore interactive and job-control signals.  */
2713         signal(SIGINT, SIG_IGN);
2714         signal(SIGQUIT, SIG_IGN);
2715         signal(SIGTERM, SIG_IGN);
2716         signal(SIGTSTP, SIG_IGN);
2717         signal(SIGTTIN, SIG_IGN);
2718         signal(SIGTTOU, SIG_IGN);
2719         signal(SIGCHLD, SIG_IGN);
2720
2721         /* Put ourselves in our own process group.  */
2722         setsid();
2723         shell_pgrp = getpid ();
2724         setpgid (shell_pgrp, shell_pgrp);
2725
2726         /* Grab control of the terminal.  */
2727         tcsetpgrp(shell_terminal, shell_pgrp);
2728 }
2729
2730 int hush_main(int argc, char **argv)
2731 {
2732         int opt;
2733         FILE *input;
2734         char **e = environ;
2735
2736         /* XXX what should these be while sourcing /etc/profile? */
2737         global_argc = argc;
2738         global_argv = argv;
2739
2740         /* (re?) initialize globals.  Sometimes hush_main() ends up calling
2741          * hush_main(), therefore we cannot rely on the BSS to zero out this
2742          * stuff.  Reset these to 0 every time. */
2743         ifs = NULL;
2744         /* map[] is taken care of with call to update_ifs_map() */
2745         fake_mode = 0;
2746         interactive = 0;
2747         close_me_head = NULL;
2748         last_bg_pid = 0;
2749         job_list = NULL;
2750         last_jobid = 0;
2751
2752         /* Initialize some more globals to non-zero values */
2753         set_cwd();
2754 #ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_COMMAND_EDITING
2755         cmdedit_set_initial_prompt();
2756 #else
2757         PS1 = NULL;
2758 #endif
2759         PS2 = "> ";
2760
2761         /* initialize our shell local variables with the values
2762          * currently living in the environment */
2763         if (e) {
2764                 for (; *e; e++)
2765                         set_local_var(*e, 2);   /* without call putenv() */
2766         }
2767
2768         last_return_code=EXIT_SUCCESS;
2769
2770
2771         if (argv[0] && argv[0][0] == '-') {
2772                 debug_printf("\nsourcing /etc/profile\n");
2773                 if ((input = fopen("/etc/profile", "r")) != NULL) {
2774                         mark_open(fileno(input));
2775                         parse_file_outer(input);
2776                         mark_closed(fileno(input));
2777                         fclose(input);
2778                 }
2779         }
2780         input=stdin;
2781
2782         while ((opt = getopt(argc, argv, "c:xif")) > 0) {
2783                 switch (opt) {
2784                         case 'c':
2785                                 {
2786                                         global_argv = argv+optind;
2787                                         global_argc = argc-optind;
2788                                         opt = parse_string_outer(optarg, FLAG_PARSE_SEMICOLON);
2789                                         goto final_return;
2790                                 }
2791                                 break;
2792                         case 'i':
2793                                 interactive++;
2794                                 break;
2795                         case 'f':
2796                                 fake_mode++;
2797                                 break;
2798                         default:
2799 #ifndef BB_VER
2800                                 fprintf(stderr, "Usage: sh [FILE]...\n"
2801                                                 "   or: sh -c command [args]...\n\n");
2802                                 exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
2803 #else
2804                                 bb_show_usage();
2805 #endif
2806                 }
2807         }
2808         /* A shell is interactive if the `-i' flag was given, or if all of
2809          * the following conditions are met:
2810          *        no -c command
2811          *    no arguments remaining or the -s flag given
2812          *    standard input is a terminal
2813          *    standard output is a terminal
2814          *    Refer to Posix.2, the description of the `sh' utility. */
2815         if (argv[optind]==NULL && input==stdin &&
2816                         isatty(STDIN_FILENO) && isatty(STDOUT_FILENO)) {
2817                 interactive++;
2818         }
2819
2820         debug_printf("\ninteractive=%d\n", interactive);
2821         if (interactive) {
2822                 /* Looks like they want an interactive shell */
2823 #ifndef CONFIG_FEATURE_SH_EXTRA_QUIET
2824                 printf( "\n\n" BB_BANNER " hush - the humble shell v0.01 (testing)\n");
2825                 printf( "Enter 'help' for a list of built-in commands.\n\n");
2826 #endif
2827                 setup_job_control();
2828         }
2829
2830         if (argv[optind]==NULL) {
2831                 opt=parse_file_outer(stdin);
2832                 goto final_return;
2833         }
2834
2835         debug_printf("\nrunning script '%s'\n", argv[optind]);
2836         global_argv = argv+optind;
2837         global_argc = argc-optind;
2838         input = bb_xfopen(argv[optind], "r");
2839         opt = parse_file_outer(input);
2840
2841 #ifdef CONFIG_FEATURE_CLEAN_UP
2842         fclose(input);
2843         if (cwd && cwd != bb_msg_unknown)
2844                 free((char*)cwd);
2845         {
2846                 struct variables *cur, *tmp;
2847                 for(cur = top_vars; cur; cur = tmp) {
2848                         tmp = cur->next;
2849                         if (!cur->flg_read_only) {
2850                                 free(cur->name);
2851                                 free(cur->value);
2852                                 free(cur);
2853                         }
2854                 }
2855         }
2856 #endif
2857
2858 final_return:
2859         return(opt?opt:last_return_code);
2860 }
2861
2862 static char *insert_var_value(char *inp)
2863 {
2864         int res_str_len = 0;
2865         int len;
2866         int done = 0;
2867         char *p, *p1, *res_str = NULL;
2868
2869         while ((p = strchr(inp, SPECIAL_VAR_SYMBOL))) {
2870                 if (p != inp) {
2871                         len = p - inp;
2872                         res_str = xrealloc(res_str, (res_str_len + len));
2873                         strncpy((res_str + res_str_len), inp, len);
2874                         res_str_len += len;
2875                 }
2876                 inp = ++p;
2877                 p = strchr(inp, SPECIAL_VAR_SYMBOL);
2878                 *p = '\0';
2879                 if ((p1 = lookup_param(inp))) {
2880                         len = res_str_len + strlen(p1);
2881                         res_str = xrealloc(res_str, (1 + len));
2882                         strcpy((res_str + res_str_len), p1);
2883                         res_str_len = len;
2884                 }
2885                 *p = SPECIAL_VAR_SYMBOL;
2886                 inp = ++p;
2887                 done = 1;
2888         }
2889         if (done) {
2890                 res_str = xrealloc(res_str, (1 + res_str_len + strlen(inp)));
2891                 strcpy((res_str + res_str_len), inp);
2892                 while ((p = strchr(res_str, '\n'))) {
2893                         *p = ' ';
2894                 }
2895         }
2896         return (res_str == NULL) ? inp : res_str;
2897 }
2898
2899 static char **make_list_in(char **inp, char *name)
2900 {
2901         int len, i;
2902         int name_len = strlen(name);
2903         int n = 0;
2904         char **list;
2905         char *p1, *p2, *p3;
2906
2907         /* create list of variable values */
2908         list = xmalloc(sizeof(*list));
2909         for (i = 0; inp[i]; i++) {
2910                 p3 = insert_var_value(inp[i]);
2911                 p1 = p3;
2912                 while (*p1) {
2913                         if ((*p1 == ' ')) {
2914                                 p1++;
2915                                 continue;
2916                         }
2917                         if ((p2 = strchr(p1, ' '))) {
2918                                 len = p2 - p1;
2919                         } else {
2920                                 len = strlen(p1);
2921                                 p2 = p1 + len;
2922                         }
2923                         /* we use n + 2 in realloc for list,because we add
2924                          * new element and then we will add NULL element */
2925                         list = xrealloc(list, sizeof(*list) * (n + 2));
2926                         list[n] = xmalloc(2 + name_len + len);
2927                         strcpy(list[n], name);
2928                         strcat(list[n], "=");
2929                         strncat(list[n], p1, len);
2930                         list[n++][name_len + len + 1] = '\0';
2931                         p1 = p2;
2932                 }
2933                 if (p3 != inp[i]) free(p3);
2934         }
2935         list[n] = NULL;
2936         return list;
2937 }
2938
2939 /* Make new string for parser */
2940 static char * make_string(char ** inp)
2941 {
2942         char *p;
2943         char *str = NULL;
2944         int n;
2945         int len = 2;
2946
2947         for (n = 0; inp[n]; n++) {
2948                 p = insert_var_value(inp[n]);
2949                 str = xrealloc(str, (len + strlen(p)));
2950                 if (n) {
2951                         strcat(str, " ");
2952                 } else {
2953                         *str = '\0';
2954                 }
2955                 strcat(str, p);
2956                 len = strlen(str) + 3;
2957                 if (p != inp[n]) free(p);
2958         }
2959         len = strlen(str);
2960         *(str + len) = '\n';
2961         *(str + len + 1) = '\0';
2962         return str;
2963 }